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Biometric Authentication Protocol Using Hidden Vector Key Encapsulation Mechanism
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 Title & Authors
Biometric Authentication Protocol Using Hidden Vector Key Encapsulation Mechanism
Seo, Minhye; Hwang, Jung Yeon; Kim, Soo-hyung; Park, Jong Hwan;
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Biometric authentication is considered as being an efficient authentication method, since a user is not required to possess or memorize any other information other than biometrics. However, since biometric information is sensitive and could be permanently unavailable in case of revealing that information just once, it is essential to preserve privacy of biometrics. In addition, since noise is inherent in the user of biometric recognition technologies, the biometric authentication needs to handle the noise. Recently, biometric authentication protocols using fuzzy extractor have been actively researched, but the fuzzy extractor-based authentication has a problem that a user should memorize an additional information, called helper data, to deal with their noisy biometric information. In this paper, we propose a novel biometric authentication protocol using Hidden Vector Key Encapsulation Mechanism(HV-KEM) which is one of functional encryption schemes. A primary advantage of our protocol is that a user does not need to possess or memorize any additional information. We propose security requirements of HV-KEM necessary for constructing biometric authentication protocols, and analyze our proposed protocol in terms of correctness, security, and efficiency.
Hidden Vector Key Encapsulation Mechanism;Biometric Authentication;
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