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Smart Parking System Using Ultrasonic Sensor and Bluetooth Communication in Internet of Things
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 Title & Authors
Smart Parking System Using Ultrasonic Sensor and Bluetooth Communication in Internet of Things
Lee, Chungsan; Han, Youngtak; Jeon, Soobin; Seo, Dongmahn; Jung, Inbum;
IoT (Internet of Things) technologies have largely contributed to our smart living environment. The smart parking system is one of the prominent services that IoT supports. To identify the parked vehicles, the previous parking system use special identifying devices, the RFID tags carried by the users, and the high quality camera to recognize the vehicle license numbers. However, the previous methods cause cost inefficiency and unfriendly usages. To address these problems, we propose a smart parking system based on ultrasonic sensors and Bluetooth communication. The proposed system decides the available slots by using the sensor motes located in the parking spaces. Also it recognizes the location of the parked vehicle using Bluetooth RSSI between a Smartphone and the sensor motes. In addition, based on these converging technologies, it can support the parked routes of vehicles for users. To evaluate the implemented smart parking system, we applied the RSSI transform equations and the recognition rate for parked vehicles. As a result, the accurate rate of transformed distances could be measured.
smart parking system;IoT;ultrasonic sensor;bluetooth;RSSI;location awareness;
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