The Effects of the Probability Activities in Thinking Science Program on the Development of the Probabilistic Thinking of Middle School Students

- Journal title : Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
- Volume 47, Issue 2, 2003, pp.165-174
- Publisher : Korean Chemical Society
- DOI : 10.5012/jkcs.2003.47.2.165

Title & Authors

The Effects of the Probability Activities in Thinking Science Program on the Development of the Probabilistic Thinking of Middle School Students

Kyung-In Shin; Sang-Kwon Lee; Ae-Kyung Shin; Byung-Soon Choi;

Kyung-In Shin; Sang-Kwon Lee; Ae-Kyung Shin; Byung-Soon Choi;

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to investigate the correlation between the cognitive level and the probabilistic thinking level and to analyze the effects of the probability activities in Thinking Science (TS) program on the development of probabilistic thinking. The 219 7th grade students were sampled in the middle school and were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The probability activities in TS program were implemented to the experimental group, while only normal curriculum was conducted in the control group. The results of this study showed that most of 7th grade students were in the concrete operational stage and used both subjective and quantitative strategy simultaneously in probability problem solving. It was also found that the higher the cognitive level of the students, the higher the probabilistic thinking level of them. The sample space and the probability of an event in the constructs of probability were first developed as compared to the probability comparisons and the conditional probability. The probability activities encouraged the students to use quantitative strategy in probability problem solving and to recognize probability of an event. Especially, the effectiveness was relatively higher for the students in the mid concrete operational stage than those in any other stage.

Keywords

Probabilistic Thinking;Cognitive Level;Thinking Science Program;

Language

Korean

Cited by

1.

창의성 계발을 위한 대학과 중등학교간 과학과 연계 프로그램의 개발 및 시범적용 연구,최병순;김범기;강성주;신재섭;인미영;신애경;김영신;진정미;

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