JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Aluminum Nanoparticles on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Aluminum Nanoparticles on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate
Zhu, Yan-Li; Huang, Hao; Ren, Hui; Jiao, Qing-Jie;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The effects of aluminum nanoparticles (AlNs) on the thermal decomposition of ammonia perchlorate (AP) were investigated by DSC, TG-DSC and DSC-TG-MS-FTIR. Addition of AlNs resulted in an increase in the temperature of the first exothermic peak of AP and a decrease in the second. The processing of non-isothermal data at various heating rates with and without AlNs was performed using Netzsch Thermokinetics. The dependence of the activation energy calculated by Friedman`s isoconversional method on the conversion degree indicated the decomposition process can be divided into three steps. They were C1/D1/D1 for neat AP, determined by Multivariate Non-linear Regression, and changed to C1/D1/F2 after addition of AlNs into AP. The isothermal curves showed that the thermal stability of AP in the low temperature stage was improved in the presence of AlNs.
 Keywords
Aluminum nanoparticle;Thermal decomposition;Ammonium perchlorate;Explosive;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
New roles for metal–organic frameworks: fuels for environmentally friendly composites, RSC Adv., 2017, 7, 18, 11142  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Production of the Spherical Nano-Al/AP Composites by Drowning-Out/Agglomeration and Their Solid-Reaction Kinetics, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2016, 55, 39, 10227  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effects of aluminum on thermal decomposition of hexogen/ammonium perchlorate, Chemical Research in Chinese Universities, 2014, 30, 4, 666  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Catalyst for Lithium Perchlorate Decomposition, Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2015, 31, 5, 1445  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Catalytic effects of nano additives on decomposition and combustion of RDX-, HMX-, and AP-based energetic compositions, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2016, 57, 75  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Evolved Gas Analysis by Mass Spectrometry, Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, 2014, 49, 8, 635  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Catalytic effect of Fe2O3, Mn2O3, and TiO2 nanoparticles on thermal decomposition of potassium nitrate, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2016, 124, 2, 1091  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Rajic, M.; Suceska, M. Study of Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Low-temperature Reaction of Ammonium Perchlorate by Isothermal TG. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2001, 63, 375. crossref(new window)

2.
Raha, K.; Ramamurthy, S.; Patil, D. G. The Catalytic Effect of Rare Earth Oxides on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Therm. Anal. 1989, 35, 1205. crossref(new window)

3.
Ma, Z.; Li, F.; Chen, A. Preparation and Thermal Decomposition Behavior of TMOs/AP Composite Nanoparticles. Nanoscience 2006, 11, 142.

4.
Fujimura, K.; Miyake, A. The Effect of Specific Surface Area of $TiO_{2}$ on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2010, 99, 27. crossref(new window)

5.
Wang, J.; He, S.; Li, Z.; Jing, X.; Zhang, M.; Jiang, Z. Synthesis of Chrysalis-like CuO Nanocrystals and Their Catalytic Activity in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Chem. Sci. 2009, 121, 1077. crossref(new window)

6.
Heng, B.; Xiao, T.; Hua, X.; Ming, Y.; Wei, T.; Wei, H.; Tang, Y. Catalytic Activity of $Cu_{2}O$ Micro-particles with Different Morphologies in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Thermochim. Acta 2011, 524, 135.

7.
Chen, L.-J.; Li, G.-S.; Li, L.-P. CuO Nanocrystals in Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate Stabilization, Structural Characterization and Catalytic Activities. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2008, 91, 581. crossref(new window)

8.
Joshi, S. S.; Patil, P. R.; Krishnamurthy, V. N. Thermal DEcomposition Of Ammonium Perchlorate In The presence of Nanosized Ferric Oxide. Defence Science Journal 2008, 58, 721. crossref(new window)

9.
Survasea, D. V.; Sarwadea, D. B.; Kurian, E. M. Effect of $La_{2}O_{3}$, $Pr_{2}O_{3}$ and $Nd_{2}O_{3}$ on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Journal of Energetic Materials 2001, 19, 023. crossref(new window)

10.
Dedgaonkar, V. G.; Sarwade, D. B. Effects of Different Additives on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Therm. Anal. 1990, 36, 223. crossref(new window)

11.
Li, C.; Ma, Z.; Zhang, L.; Qian, R. Preparation of Ni/$TiO_{2}$ Nanoparticles and Their Catalytic Performance on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Chin. J. Chem. 2009, 27, 1863. crossref(new window)

12.
Song, M.; Chen, M.; Zhang, Z. Effect of Zn Powders on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Propellants Explos. Pyrotech. 2008, 33, 261. crossref(new window)

13.
Duan, H.; Lin, X.; Liu, G.; Xu, L.; Li, F. Synthesis of Co Nanoparticles and Their Catalytic Effect on the Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 2008, 16, 325. crossref(new window)

14.
Zhi, J.; Wang, T.; Li, S.; Zhao, F.; Liu, Z.; Yang, C.; Yang, L.; Liu, S.; Zhang, G. Thermal Behavior of Ammonium Perchlorate and Metal Powders of Different Grades. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2006, 85, 315. crossref(new window)

15.
Liu, L.; Li, F.; Tan, L.; Ming, L.; Yi, Y. Effects of Nanometer Ni, Cu, Al and NiCu Powders on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Propellants Explos. Pyrotech. 2004, 29, 34. crossref(new window)

16.
Rajendran, A. G.; Kartha, C. B.; Babu, V. V. Influence of Specific Surface Area of Aluminium Powder on the Reactivity of Aluminium/ammonium Perchlorate Composition. Propellants Explos. Pyrotech. 1997, 22, 226. crossref(new window)

17.
Stephens, M.; Sammet, T.; Petersen, E.; Carro, R.; Wolf, S.; Smith, C. Performance of Ammonium-perchlorate-based Composite Propellant Containing Nanoscale Aluminum. J. Propul. Power 2010, 26, 461. crossref(new window)

18.
Srinivas, V.; Chakravarthy, S. R. Computer Model of Aluminum Agglomeration on Burning Surface of Composite Solid Propellant. J. Propul. Power 2007, 23, 728. crossref(new window)

19.
Liu, L.; Li, F.; Tan, L.; Ming, L.; Yi, Y. Effects of Metal and Composite Metal Nanopowders on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate (AP) and the Ammonium Perchlorate/Hydroxyterminated Polybutadiene (AP/ HTPB) Composite Solid Propellant. Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 2004, 12, 595.

20.
Opfermann, J. Kinetic Analysis Using Multivariate Nonlinear Regression, J Therm. Anal. Calorim. 2000, 60, 641. crossref(new window)

21.
Shen, S.; Wu, B. The Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate (AP) Containing a Burning-rate Modifier, Thermochim. Acta 1993, 223, 135. crossref(new window)

22.
Majdaa, D.; Korobovb, A.; Filekc, U.; Sulikowskic, B.; Midgleyd, P.; Nicold, D. A.; Klinowski, J. Low-temperature Thermal Decomposition of Crystalline Partly and Completely Deuterated Ammonium Perchlorate. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2011, 504(4-6), 185. crossref(new window)

23.
Jiang, Z.; Zhao, F. Study on Effects of Nanometer Metal Powder on Thermal Decomposition of HMX. J. Propu. Tech. 2002, 23, 58.

24.
Trunov, M. A.; Umbrajkar, S. M.; Schoenitz, M.; Mang, J. T. Oxidation and Melting of Aluminum Nanopowders. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 13094. crossref(new window)