Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Efficiency of Aluminum and Iron Electrodes for the Removal of Heavy Metals [(Ni (II), Pb (II), Cd (II)] by Electrocoagulation Method
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Efficiency of Aluminum and Iron Electrodes for the Removal of Heavy Metals [(Ni (II), Pb (II), Cd (II)] by Electrocoagulation Method
Khosa, Muhammad Kaleem; Jamal, Muhammad Asghar; Hussain, Amira; Muneer, Majid; Zia, Khalid Mahmood; Hafeez, Samia;
  PDF(new window)
Electrocoagulation (EC) technique is applied for the treatment of wastewater containing heavy metals ions such as nickle (Ni), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) by using sacrificial anodes corrode to release active coagulant flocs usually aluminium or iron cations into the solution. During electrolytic reactions hydrogen gas evolve at the cathode. All the experiments were carried out in Batch mode. The tank was filled with synthetic wastewater containing heavy metals and efficiency of electro-coagulation in combination with aluminum and iron electrodes were investigated for removal of such metals. Several parameters, such as contact time, pH, electro-coagulant concentration, and current density were optimized to achieve maximum removal efficiency (%). The concentrations of heavy metals were determined by using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). It is found that the electro-coagulation process has potential to be utilized for the cost-effective removal of heavy metals from wastewater specially using iron electrodes in terms of high removal efficiencies and operating cost.
Aluminum electrode;Iron electrode;Industrial wastewater;Heavy metals;Electrocoagulation;
 Cited by
Removal of Heavy Metals (Cd, Cu, Ni) by Electrocoagulation, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 2015, 6, 6, 425  crossref(new windwow)
Hydrogen as electron donor for copper removal in bioelectrochemical systems, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016, 41, 13, 5758  crossref(new windwow)
Kim, T. Y.; Park, S. K.; Cho, S. Y.; Kim, H. B.; Kang, Y.; Kim, S. D.; Kim, S. J. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 2005, 22, 91. crossref(new window)

Choi, D. W.; Kim, Y. H. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 2005, 22, 894. crossref(new window)

Stuart, F. E. Water Sewage 1946, 84, 24.

Chen, G. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2004, 38, 11. crossref(new window)

Chen, X.; Chen, G.; Yue, P. L. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2000, 19(1-2), 65. crossref(new window)

Nikolaev, N. V.; Kozlovsii, A. S.; Utkin, I. I. Soviet J. Water Chem. Technol. 1983, 4(3), 70.

Musquere, P.; Ellingsen, F. Water Supply 1983, 1(2/3), 1.

Vik, E. A.; Carlson, D. A.; Eikum, A. S.; Gjessing, E. T. Water Res. 1984, 18(11), 1355. crossref(new window)

Ciorba, G. A.; Radovan, C.; Vlaicu, I.; Masu, S. J. Appl. Electrochem. 2002, 32, 561. crossref(new window)

Pulido, M. E.; Lamotta, E. J.; Nandipati, R. M. J. J. Ship Production 2001, 17(4), 191.

Jiang, J. Q.; Graham, N.; Andre, C.; Kelsall, G. H.; Brandon, N. P.; Chipps, M. J. Water Supply 2002, 2(1), 289.

Holt, P. K.; Barton, G. W.; Wark, M.; Mitchell, C. A. Colloids Surf., A 2002, 211(2-3), 233. crossref(new window)

Han, M.; Kwon, A. Water Supply 2002, 2(5-6), 73.

Abuzaid, N. S.; Bukhari, A. A.; Hamouz, Z. M. Adv. Environ. Res. 2002, 6(3), 325. crossref(new window)

Gurses, A.; Yalcin, M.; Dogar, C. Waste Manage. 2002, 22(5), 491. crossref(new window)

Daneshvar, N.; Sorkhabi, A. H.; Kasiri, M. B. J. Hazard. Mater. 2004, 112(1-2), 55. crossref(new window)

Mollah, M. Y. A.; Morkovsky, P.; Gomes, J. A. G.; Kesmez, M.; Parga, J.; Cocke, D. L. J. Hazard. Mater. 2004, 114(1-3), 199. crossref(new window)

Fan, L.; Yang, F.; Yang, W. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2004, 34, 89. crossref(new window)

Den, W.; Huang, C. Colloids Surf., A. 2005, 254(1-3), 81. crossref(new window)

Pouet, M. F.; Grasmick, A. Water Sci. Technol. 1995, 31 (3-4), 275.

Pouet, M. F.; Persin, F. Water Sci. Technol. 1992, 25(12), 247.

Kumar, P. R.; Chaudhary, S.; Khilar, K.; Mahajan, C. Chemosphere 2004, 55, 1245. crossref(new window)

Khemis, M. C.; Leclerc, J. P.; Lapicque, F. Chem. Eng. Sci. 2006, 61, 1237. crossref(new window)

Daneshvar, N.; Oladegaragoze, A.; Djafarzadeh, N. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 129, 116. crossref(new window)

Mahvi, S.; Naseri, A. R.; Mesdaghinia, C. Turkish J. Eng. Environ. Sci. 2008, 32, 59.

Apha, Wef. Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 18th ed.; AWWA: U.S., 1992.

Nouri, J.; Mahvi, A. H.; Bazrafshan, E. Int. J. Env. Res. 2010, 4, 201.

Vik, E. A.; Carlson, D. A.; Eikum, A. S.; Gjessing, E. T. Water Research 1984, 18, 1355. crossref(new window)

Chen, X.; Chen, G.; Po, L.Y. J. Purif. Technol. 2000, 9, 65.

Tezcan, A. S.; Koparal, B.; Ogutveren, V. J. Environmental Management 2009, 90, 428. crossref(new window)

Letterman, R. D.; Amirtharajah, A.; Omelia, C. R. A Handbook of Community Water Supplies, 5th ed.; AWWA, Mc Graw-Hill: New York, U.S., 1999.

Holt, P. H.; Barton, G. W.; Wark, M.; Mitchell, A. A. Physicochemical Engineering Aspects 2002, 211, 233. crossref(new window)

Karbassi, I.; Alaton, A. I.; Sahin, Y. The Open Environmental and Biological Monitoring Journal 2008, 1, 1. crossref(new window)

Khosla, N. K.; Venkachalam, S.; Sonrasundaram, P. J. Appl. Electrochem. 1991, 21, 986. crossref(new window)