Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Properties of Brightest Cluster Galaxies as a Function of Cluster Classification Type
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Properties of Brightest Cluster Galaxies as a Function of Cluster Classification Type
Eom, Heungjin; Shim, Hyunjin;
  PDF(new window)
We classified Abell clusters using the magnitude differences between two or three bright member galaxies and investigated how such classification was correlated with the properties of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs). S-type BCGs being clearly brighter than the rest of the member galaxies were likely to be red, luminous, and evolved as early type galaxies. On the other hand, T-type BCGs being not dominant at all were less luminous than early type galaxies. A small fraction of BCGs was currently forming stars, and all of the star-forming BCGs were T-type BCGs. Active galactic nuclei were most frequent for S-type BCGs. Through these quantitative analyses of the BCG properties, we discussed the possible scenario of BCG formation and the differences between S-type and T-type of BCGs.
galaxy clusters;brightest cluster galaxy;galaxy evolution;
 Cited by
Abell, G. O., 1958, The distribution of rich clusters of galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 3, 211-288. crossref(new window)

Abell, G. O., Corwin, H. G., Jr., and Olowin, R. P., 1989, A catalog of rich clusters of galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 70, 1-138. crossref(new window)

Bahcall, N. A., McKay, T. A., Annis, J., Kim, R. S., Dong, F., Hansen, S., Goto, T., Gunn, J. E., Miller, C., Nichol, R. C., Postman, M., Schneider, D., Schroeder, J., Voges, W., Brinkmann, J., and Fukugita, M., 2003, A merged catalog of clusters of galaxies from early Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 148(2), 243-274. crossref(new window)

Baldwin, J. A., Phillips, M. M., and Terlevich, R., 1981, Classification parameters for the emission-line spectra of extragalactic objects. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 93, 5-19. crossref(new window)

Bang, J. and Ann, H. B., 2009, Star formation rate and AGN in barred galaxies, Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 34(5), 407-414.

Bautz, L. P. and Morgan, W. W., 1970, On the classification of the forms of clusters of galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 162, 149-153. crossref(new window)

Cooper, M. C., Newman, J. A., Weiner, B. J., Yan, R., Willmer, C. N., Bundy, K., Coil, A. L., Conselice, C. J., Davis, M., Faber, S. M., Gerke, B. F., Guhathakurta, P., Koo, D. C., and Noeske, K. G., 2008, The DEEP2 galaxy redshift survey: the role of galaxy environment in the cosmic star formation history. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 383(3), 1058-1078.

Cowie, L. L. and Binney, J., 1977, Radiative regulation of gas flow within clusters of galaxies-A model for cluster X-ray sources. The Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, 215, 723-732. crossref(new window)

De Lucia G., Springel V., White S. D. M., Croton D., and Kauffmann G., 2006, The formation history of elliptical galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 366, 499-509. crossref(new window)

De Lucia G. and Blaizot, J., 2007, The hierarchical formation of the brightest cluster galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 375, 2-14. crossref(new window)

Deng, X. F., He, J. Z., Luo, C. H., Wu, P., and Xin, Y., 2008, The correlations among color, morphology, and luminosity for the main galaxy sample of the SDSS data release 5. Acta Physica Polonica B, 39(4), 965-977.

Donzelli, C. J., Muriel, H., and Madrid, J. P., 2011, The luminosity profiles of brightest cluster galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 195(2), 15-22. crossref(new window)

Dressler, A., 1980, Galaxy morphology in rich clusters-Implications for the formation and evolution of galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 236, 351-365. crossref(new window)

Dubinski, J., 1998, The origin of the brightest cluster galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 502, 141-149. crossref(new window)

Elbaz, D., Daddi, E., Le Borgne, D., Dickinson, M., Alexander, D. M., Chary, R. R., Starck, J., Brandt W. N., Kitzbichler, M., MacDonald, E., Nonino, M., Popesso, P., Stern, D., and Vanzella, E., 2007, The reversal of the star formation-density relation in the distant universe. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 468(1), 33-48. crossref(new window)

Fasano, G., Vanzella, E., Dressler, A., Poggianti, B. M., Moles, M., Bettoni, D., Valentinuzzi, T., Moretti, A., D'Onofrio, M., Varela, J., Couch, W. J., Kjaergaard, P., Fritz, J., Omizzolo, A., and Cava, A., 2012, Morphology of galaxies in the WINGS clusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 420(2), 926-948. crossref(new window)

Hausman, M. A. and Ostriker, J. P., 1978, Galactic cannibalism. III-The morphological evolution of galaxies and clusters. The Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, 224, 320-336. crossref(new window)

Kauffmann, G., Heckman, T. M., Tremonti, C., Brinchmann, J., Charlot, S., White, S. D., Ridgway, S, E., Brinkmann, J., Fukugita, M., Hall, P. B., Ivezic, Z., Richards, G. T., and Schneider, D. P., 2003, The host galaxies of active galactic nuclei. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 346(4), 1055-1077. crossref(new window)

Kewley, L. J., Groves, B., Kauffmann, G., and Heckman, T., 2006, The host galaxies and classification of active galactic nuclei. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 372(3), 961-976. crossref(new window)

Kormendy, J., 1989, Did elliptical galaxies form by mergers or by dissipative collapse?. The Astrophysical Journal, Part 2-Letters, 342, L63-L66. crossref(new window)

Lin, Y. T. and Mohr, J. J., 2004 K-band properties of galaxy clusters and groups: brightest cluster galaxies and intracluster Light. The Astrophysical Journal, 617(2), 879. crossref(new window)

Liu, F. S., Mao, S., and Meng, X. M., 2012, Star formation activities in early-type brightest cluster galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 423(1), 422-436. crossref(new window)

Merritt, D., 1985, Relaxation and Tidal Stripping in Rich Clusters of Galaxies. III-Growth of a massive central galaxy. The Astrophysical Journal, Part 1, 289, 18-32. crossref(new window)

Moore, B., Katz, N., Lake, G., Dressler, A., & Oemler, A., 1996, Galaxy harassment and the evolution of clusters of galaxies. Nature, 379, 613-616. crossref(new window)

Ostriker, J. P. and Tremaine, S. D., 1975, Another evolutionary correction to the luminosity of giant galaxies. The Astrophysical Journal, 202, 113-117. crossref(new window)

Park, C., Choi, Y. Y., Vogeley, M. S., Gott III, J. R., Blanton, M. R., and SDSS Collaboration, 2007, Environmental dependence of properties of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The Astrophysical Journal, 658(2), 898-916. crossref(new window)

Park, C. and Hwang, H. S., 2009, Interactions of galaxies in the galaxy cluster environment. The Astrophysical Journal, 699(2), 1595-1609. crossref(new window)

Richardson, T. S., Bailer, H., and Banerjee, M., 1999, Specification searches using MAG Models. In Proceedings, ISI Conference, Helsinki.

Roche, N., Bernardi, M., and Hyde, J., 2009, Spectralbased k-corrections and implications for the colourmagnitude relation of E/S0s and its evolution. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 398(3), 1549-1562. crossref(new window)

Rostagni, F., Benoist, C., and Maurogordato, S., 2011, Morphological classification of galaxy clusters. Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 185-189.

Sandage, A. and Hardy, E., 1973, The redshift-distance relation. VII Absolute magnitudes on the first three ranked cluster galaxies as functions of cluster richness and Bautz-Morgan cluster type: the effect of q_{o}. The Astrophysical Journal, 183, 743-758. crossref(new window)

Schombert, J. M., 1986, The structure of brightest cluster members. I -Surface photometry. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 60, 603-693. crossref(new window)

Shim, H., 2013, Global star formation efficiency of local galaxies, Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 34(5), 407-414. crossref(new window)

Struble, M. F. and Rood, H. J., 1987, A catalog of morphological properties of the 2712 Abell clusters. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 63, 555-613. crossref(new window)

Valotto, C. A., Nicotra, M. A., Muriel, H., and Lambas, D. G., 1997, The luminosity function of galaxies in clusters. The Astrophysical Journal, 479(1), 90. crossref(new window)

van Dokkum, P. G. and Franx, M., 2001, Morphological evolution and the ages of early-type galaxies in clusters. The Astrophysical Journal, 553, 90-102. crossref(new window)

Vazdekis, A., Kuntschner, H., Davies, R. L., Arimoto, N., Nakamura, O., and Peletier, R., 2001, On the origin of the color-magnitude relation in the Virgo cluster. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 551(2), L127. crossref(new window)

Whiley, I. M., Aragon-Salamanca, A., De Lucia, G., Von Der Linden, A., Bamford, S. P., Best, P., Bremer, M. N., Jablonka, P., Johnson, O., Milvang-Jensen, B., Noll, S., Poggianti, B. M., Rudnick, G., Saglia, R., White, S., and Zaritsky, D., 2008, The evolution of the brightest cluster galaxies since z- 1 from the ESO distant cluster survey (EDisCS). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 387(3), 1253-1263. crossref(new window)

Yoon, J. H., Schawinski, K., Sheen, Y. K., Ree, C. H., and Sukyoung, K. Y., 2008, A spectrophotometric search for galaxy clusters in SDSS. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 176(2), 414-423. crossref(new window)

York, D. G., Adelman, J., Anderson Jr, J. E., Anderson, S. F., Annis, J., Bahcall, N. A., Bakken, J. A., Barkhouser, R., Bastian, S., Berman, E., Boroski, W. N., Bracker, S., Briegel, C., Briggs, J. W., Brinkmann, J., Brunner, R., Burles, S., Carey, L., Carr, M. A., Castander, F. J., Chen, B., Colestock, P. L., Connolly, A. J., Crocker, J. H., Csabai, I., Czarapata, P. C., Davis, J. E., Doi, M., Dombeck, T., Eisenstein, D., Ellman, N., Elms, B. R., Evans, M. L., Fan, X., Federwitz, G. R., Fiscelli, L., Friedman, S., Frieman, J. A., Fukugita, M., Gillespie, B., Gunn, J. E., Gurbani, V. K., de Haas, E., Haldeman, M., Harris, F. H., Hayes, J., Heckman, T. M., Hennessy, G. S., Hindsley, R. B., Holm, S., Holmgren, D. J., Huang, C., Hull, C., Husby, D., Ichikawa, S., Ichikawa, T., Ivezic, Z., Kent, S., Kim, R. S. J., Kinney, E., Klaene, M., Kleinman, A. N., Kleinman, S., Knapp, G. R., Korienek, J., Kron, R. G., Kunszt, P. Z., Lamb, D. Q., Lee, B., Leger, R. F., Limmongkol, S., Lindenmeyer, C., Long, D. C., Loomis, C., Loveday, J., Lucinio, R., Lupton, R. H., MacKinnon, B., Mannery, E. J., Mantsch, P. M., Margon, B., McGehee, P., McKay, T. A., Meiksin, A., Merelli, A., Monet, D. G., Munn, J. A., Narayanan, V. K., Nash, T., Neilsen, E., Neswold, R., Newberg, H. J., Nichol, R. C., Nicinski, T., Nonino, M., Okada, N., Okamura, S., Ostriker, J. P., Owen, R., Pauls4, A. G., Peoples, J., Peterson, R. L., Petravick, D., Pier, J. R., Pope, A., Pordes, R., Prosapio, A., Rechenmacher, R., Quinn, T. R., Richards, G. T., Richmond, M. W., Rivetta, C., Constance, H., Rockosi, M., Ruthmansdorfer, K., Sandford, D., Schlegel, D. J., Schneider, D. P., Sekiguchi, M., Sergey, G., Shimasaku, K., Siegmund, W. A., Smee, S., Smith, J. A., Snedden, S., Stone, R., Stoughton, C., Strauss, M. A., Stubbs, C., SubbaRao, M., Szalay, A. S., Szapudi, I., Szokoly, G. P., Thakar5, A. R., Tremonti, C., Tucker, D. L., Uomoto, A. Berk, D. V., Vogeley, M. S., Waddell, P., Wang, S., Watanabe, M., Weinberg, D. H., Yanny, B., and Yasuda, Naoki., 2000. The Sloan digital sky survey: Technical summary. The Astronomical Journal, 120(3), 1579-1587. crossref(new window)