Structural Characterization of pre-miRNA 155 Kim, Won-Je; Shin, JiYeon; Bang, Kyeongmi; Song, Hyun Kyu; Kim, Nak-Kyoon;
MiRNA-155, upregulated in various cancers, is one of the miRNAs that suppress apoptosis of human cancer. Thus, inhibition of the maturation of miRNA-155 could be an effective way to induce apoptotic cancer cell death. The apical stem-loop of the pre-miRNA-155 has been known as a Dicer biding site for RNA cleavage. Here, to understand the molecular basis of the tertiary interaction between pre-miRNA-155 with Dicer, we characterize the structure of the apical stem-loop of pre-miRNA-155 using NMR spectroscopy. The RNA has a stem-bulge-stem-loop-stem structure, which is consist of G-C Watson-Crick and G-U Wobble base pairs. The assignments of imino- protons were further confirmed by 2D HSQC NMR spectrum. The NMR parameters obtained in this study can be further used to investigate the tertiary interaction between pre-miRNA-155 and other biomolecules such as protein, nucleic acids, or small chemicals which might be used to control the apoptosis of cancer.