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Evidence-based Field Research on Health Benefits of Urban Green Area
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Evidence-based Field Research on Health Benefits of Urban Green Area
Lee, Ju-Young; Park, Kuen-Tae; Lee, Min-Sun; Park, Bum-Jin; Ku, Ja-Hyeong; Lee, Joon-Woo; Oh, Kyong-Ok; An, Ki-Wan; Miyazaki, Yoshifumi;
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With increasing interest in health promotion and quality of life, growing attention has been focused on the beneficial effects of urban green area. However, very few evidence-based approaches have been conducted on the health-related benefits of urban greenery. Therefore, this study examined the health-related benefits of green areas using physiological and psychological indices to obtain evidence-based data on these benefits. Twenty male university students were selected as subjects. Data were collected when participants viewed landscapes in a green area or an urban area for fifteen minutes. This research was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of School of Medicine, Chungnam National University. Physiological data in the green area revealed significantly decreased heart rates, significantly increased high-frequency value of heart rate variability, an index of parasympathetic activity, and reduced salivary cortisol concentration, a stress hormone, compared to the urban area. Psychological tests showed the green area significantly reduced the negative mood state and psychological symptoms, and significantly increased the positive mood state. Our data provided evidence for the health-related benefits of green areas, and the findings of this study support that green areas can play a critical role in health promotion for urban residents, by positively affecting autonomic nervous and endocrinal activities.
Green Landscape;Health Promotion;Heart Rate Variability;Salivary Cortisol;Psychological Relaxation;
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