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The Gradient Variation of Thermal Environments on the Park Woodland Edge in Summer - A Study of Hadongsongrim and Hamyangsangrim -
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 Title & Authors
The Gradient Variation of Thermal Environments on the Park Woodland Edge in Summer - A Study of Hadongsongrim and Hamyangsangrim -
Ryu, Nam-Hyong; Lee, Chun-Seok;
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 Abstract
This study investigated the extent and magnitude of the woodland edge effects on users` thermal environments according to distance from woodland border. A series of experiments to measure air temperature, relative humidity, wind velocity, MRT and UTCI were conducted over six days between July 31 and August 5, 2015, which corresponded with extremely hot weather, at the south-facing edge of Hadongsongrim(pure Pinus densiflora stands, tree age: , tree height: , canopy closure: 75%, N , E , elevation 7~10m) and east-facing edge of Hamyangsangrim (Quercus serrata-Carpinus tschonoskii community, tree age: 102~125yr/58~123yr, tree height: tree layer layer layer , herbaceous layer coverage ratio 60%, canopy closure: 96%, N , E , elevation 170~180m) in rural villages of Hadong and Hamyang, Korea. The minus result value of depth means woodland`s outside. The depth of edge influence(DEI) on the maximum air temperature, minimum relative humidity and wind speed at maximum air temperature time during the daytime(10:00~17:00) were detected to be , and , respectively, in the mature evergreen conifer woodland of Hadongsongrim. These were detected to be , and , respectively, in the deciduous broadleaf woodland of Hamyansangrim. The DEI on the maximum 10 minutes average MRT, UTCI from the three-dimensional environment absorbed by the human-biometeorological reference person during the daytime(10:00~17:00) were detected to be and , respectively, in the relatively sparse woodland of Hadongsongrim. These were detected to be and , respectively, in the dense and closed woodland of Hadongsongrim. Edge effects on the thermal environments of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, MRT and UTCI in the sparse woodland of Hadongsongrim were less pronounced than those recorded in densed and closed woodland of Hamyansangrim. The gradient variation was less steep for maximum 10 minutes average UTCI with at least (Hadongsongrim) and (Hamyansangrim) being required to stabilize the UTCI at mature woodlands. Therefore it is suggested that the woodlands buffer widths based on the UTCI values should be 3.5~7.6 m(Hamyansangrim) and 4.3~8.9(Hadongsongrim) m on each side of mature woodlands for users` thermal comfort environments. The woodland edge structure should be multi-layered canopies and closed edge for the buffer effect of woodland edge on woodland users` thermal comfort.
 Keywords
MRT;UTCI;Depth of Edge Influence;Evergreen Conifer Woodland;Deciduous Broadleaf Woodland;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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