Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Characterization of Mineralogical and Physicochemical Properties of Soils Contaminated with Metals at Gahak Mine
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Characterization of Mineralogical and Physicochemical Properties of Soils Contaminated with Metals at Gahak Mine
Lee, Choong Hyun; Lee, Seon Yong; Park, Chan Oh; Kim, Jong Won; Lee, Sang Hwan; Park, Mi Jeong; Jung, Moon Young; Lee, Young Jae;
  PDF(new window)
Soil samples collected in an area of Gahak Mine were investigated for the characterization of mineralogical and physicochemical properties of contaminants in soils. It is found that soils in the study area are contaminated by lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), in which their concentrations are 595.3 mg/kg, 184.9 mg/kg, 712.8 mg/kg, and 10.64 mg/kg, respectively. All the concentrations exceed the concern criteria of Korean standard. Upon distribution patterns of metals identified by the sequential extraction procedure, our results show that more than 50% of metals are found as a residual type, and 30% are accounted for the association of Fe/Mn oxides. Interestingly, XRD results show that minium (Pb3O4) and cuprite (Cu2O) are identified in the soil samples, suggesting that the sources of the contaminants for Pb and Cu are these minerals. In SEM images, tens of µm of Pb oxides and Pb silicate-minerals are observed. We, therefore, note that the contamination of metals in the study area results from the direct influx and disturbance of tailings. Our findings indicate that the characterization of physicochemical and mineralogical properties of contaminated soils is a critical factor and plays an important role in optimizing recovery treatments of soils contaminated in mine development areas.
Mineralogical properties;Contaminant speciation;Tailings;heavy metals;Soil contamination;
 Cited by
가학광산 주변 중금속 오염토양의 정화를 위한 역부선 최적화,김상효;안용현;이충현;이영재;박미정;이상환;정문영;

한국자원공학회지, 2015. vol.52. 6, pp.549-558 crossref(new window)
Bowell, R.J., Morley, N.H., and Din, V.K., 1994, Arsenic spedation in soil porewaters from the Ashanti Mine, Ghana, Appl. Geochem., 9, 15-22. crossref(new window)

Chakraborty, S., Wolthers, M., Chatterjee, D., and Charlet, L., 2007, Adsorption of arsenite and arsenate onto muscovite and biotite mica, J. Coll. Interface Sci., 309, 392-401. crossref(new window)

Dermont, G., Bergeron, M., Mercier, G., and Richer-Lafleche, M., 2008, Soil washing for metal removal: A review of physical/chemical technologies and field applications, J. Hazrd. Mater., 152, 1-31. crossref(new window)

Hopenhayn, C., 2006, Arsenic in Drinking Water: Impact on Human Health, Elements, 2, 103-107. crossref(new window)

Jung, K.C., Kim, B.J., and Han, S.G., 1993, Survey on Heavy Metals Contents in Native Plant near Old Zinc - Mining Sites, Korean J. Environ. Agric., 12(2), 105-111.

Jung, G.B., Kim, W.I., Park, K.L., and Yun, S.G., 2001, Vertical Distribution of Heavy Metals in Paddy Soil Near Abandoned Metal Mines, Korean J. Environ. Agric., 20(4), 297-302.

Jung, M.C., Jung, M.Y., and Choi, Y.W., 2004, Environmental Assessment of Heavy Metals Around Abandoned Metalliferous Mine in Korea, Economic and Environmental Geology, 37(1), 21-33.

Knight, R.D. and Henderson, P.J., 2006, Smelter dust in humus around Rouyn-Noranda, Québec, Geochemistry: Exploration. Environment, Analysis, 6, 203-214.

Liu, H., Probst, A., and Liao, B., 2005, Metal contamination of soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China), Sci. Total Environ., 339, 153-166. crossref(new window)

Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Balteanu, D., Coulthard, T.J., Driga, B., Howard, A.J., and Zaharia, S., 2003, The long term fate and environmental significance of contaminant metals released by the January and March 2000 mining tailings dam failures in Maramures, County, upper Tisa Basin, Romania., Appl. Geochem., 18, 241-257. crossref(new window)

Ok, Y.S., Kim, S.H., Kim, D.Y., Lee, H., Lim, S.K., and Kim, J.G., 2003, Feasibility of Phytoremediation for Metal-Contaminated Abandoned Mining Area, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 36(5), 323-332.

Singh, M., Sharma, M., and Tobschall, H.J., 2005, Weathering of the Ganga alluvial plain, northern India: implications from fluvial geochemistry of the Gomati River, Applied Geochemistry, 20, 1-21. crossref(new window)

Smedley, P.L. and Kinniburgh, D.G., 2002, A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters, Applied Geochemistry, 17, 517-568. crossref(new window)

Tessier, A., Campbell, P.G.C., and Bisson, M., 1979, Sequential Extraction Procedure for the Speciation of Particulate Trace Metals, Analytical Chemistry, 51, 844-851. crossref(new window)

Van Damme, A., Degryse, F., Smolders, E., Sarret, G., Dewit, J., Swennen, R., and Manceau, A., 2010, Zinc speciation in mining and smelter contaminated overbank sediments by EXAFS spectroscopy, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 3707-3720. crossref(new window)

Walker, S.R. and Jamieson, H.E., 2005, The speciation of arsenic in iron oxides in mine wastes from the giant gold mine, N.W.T.: Application of synchrotron micro-XRD and micro-XANES at the grain scale, The Canadian Mineralogist, 43, 1205-1224. crossref(new window)

Yang, J.W. and Lee, Y.J., 2007, Status of Soil Remediation and Technology Development in Korea, Korean Chemical Engineering Research, 45(4), 311-318.

Yoo, S.H., Ro, K.J., Lee, S.M., Park, M.E., and Kim, K.H., 1996, Distribution of Cadmium, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in Paddy Soils around an Old Zinc Mine, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 29(4), 424-431.