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Evaluation of Nanoscale Zero-valent Iron for Reductive Degradation of Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX): Batch and Column Scale Studies
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 Title & Authors
Evaluation of Nanoscale Zero-valent Iron for Reductive Degradation of Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX): Batch and Column Scale Studies
Lee, Chung-Seop; Oh, Da-Som; Cho, Sung-Heui; Lee, Jin-Wook; Chang, Yoon-Seok;
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Reductive degradation of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) by nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) was investigated to evaluate the feasibility of using it for in-situ groundwater remediation. Batch experiments were conducted to quantify the kinetics and efficiency of RDX removal by nZVI, and to determine the effects of pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), and ionic strength on this process. Experimental results showed that the reduction of RDX by nZVI followed pseudo-first order kinetics with the observed rate constant (kobs) in the range of 0.0056-0.0192 min−1. Column tests were conducted to quantify the removal of RDX by nZVI under real groundwater conditions and evaluate the potential efficacy of nZVI for this purpose in real conditions. In column experiment, RDX removal capacity of nZVI was determined to be 82,500 mg/kg nZVI. pH, oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), and DO concentration varied significantly during the column experiments; the occurrence of these changes suggests that monitoring these quantities may be useful in evaluation of the reactivity of nZVI, because the most critical mechanisms for RDX removal are based on the chemical reduction reactions. These results revealed that nZVI can significantly degrade RDX and that use of nZVI could be an effective method for in-situ remediation of RDX-contaminated groundwater.
Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron;RDX;Column;Groundwater;Reduction;
 Cited by
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