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Study on Subcritical Water Degradation of RDX Contaminated Soil in Batch and Dynamic Mode
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 Title & Authors
Study on Subcritical Water Degradation of RDX Contaminated Soil in Batch and Dynamic Mode
Choi, Jae-Heon; Lee, Hwan; Lee, Cheol-Hyo; Kim, Ju-Yup; Park, Jeong-Hun; Jo, Young-Tae;
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The purpose of this study is to compare the degradation characteristics by subcritical water of RDX contaminated soil using batch mode and dynamic mode devices. First, upon application of RDX contaminated soil, RDX treatment efficiency was increased with increasing the temperature in both modes. At 150℃, the treatment efficiency was 99.9%. RDX degradation efficiency got higher with lower ratio of solid to liquid. However, the treatment efficiency in the dynamic mode tended to be decreased at a certain ratio of solid to liquid or lower. The treatment efficiency was increased when it took longer time for the reactions in both modes. As the results of analysis on concentration of treated water after subcritical water degradation, the RDX recovery rate of dynamic and batch modes at 150℃ was 10.5% and 1.5%, respectively. However, both modes showed very similar recovery rates at 175℃ or higher. RDX degradation products were analyzed in treated water after it was treated with subcritical water. According to the results, RDX degradation mechanism was mostly oxidation reaction and reduction reaction was partially involved. Therefore, it suggested that most of RDX in soil was degraded by oxidation of subcritical water upon extraction. According to this result, it was found that both batch and dynamic modes were very effectively applied in the treatment of explosive contaminated soil.
RDX;Subcritical water;Soil remediation;Batch;Dynamic;
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