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Strength Development and Carbonation Characteristics of Slag Cement/Class C Fly Ash blended CO2 Injection Well Sealant
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 Title & Authors
Strength Development and Carbonation Characteristics of Slag Cement/Class C Fly Ash blended CO2 Injection Well Sealant
Kim, Tae Yoo; Hwang, Kyung-Yup; Hwang, Inseong;
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CO2 injection well sealant is vulnerable to supercritical CO2 (scCO2) exposure. To develop an alternative to the conventional sealant system (class G cement/class F fly ash), the performance of slag cement (SPC) systems containing class F fly ash (FFA) or class C fly ash (CFA) was evaluated and compared with the conventional sealant under scCO2 conditions. All sealant systems showed an immediate increase in compressive strength upon scCO2 exposure and, at 37.6 MPa, SPC/CFA showed the highest compressive strength after 14 days, which was much higher than the 29.8 MPa of the conventional sealant system. Substantial decreases in porosity were observed in all sealant systems, which were partly responsible for the increase in strength. Carbonation reactions led to pH decreases in the tested sealants from 12.5 to 10~11.6. In particular, the greatest decrease in pH in slag cement/class C fly ash probably supported relatively sustainable alkali activation reactions and the integrity of cement hydrates in this system. XRD revealed the presence of CaCO3 and a decrease in the content of cement hydrates in the tested sealants upon scCO2 exposure. TGA demonstrated a greater increase of CaCO3 and calcium-silicate-hydrate phases in SPC/CFA than in the conventional sealant upon scCO2 exposure.
CO2 storage;Oil well cement;Slag cement;Fly ash;Carbonation;
 Cited by
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