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Characteristics and Implications of Lava Tubes from Geophysical Exploration in Jeju Island
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  • Journal title : The Journal of Engineering Geology
  • Volume 25, Issue 4,  2015, pp.473-484
  • Publisher : The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
  • DOI : 10.9720/kseg.2015.4.473
 Title & Authors
Characteristics and Implications of Lava Tubes from Geophysical Exploration in Jeju Island
Jeon, Yongmun; Ki, Jin Seok; Koh, Su Yeon; Kim, Lyoun; Ryu, Choon Kil;
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Geophysical exploration using electric resistivity, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and impedance high-frequency (ZHF) surveys was conducted in Gujwa-eup, Jeju City, Jeju Island, an island in the Korea Strait, to confirm the existence of new caves near known caves. The exploration revealed a number of anomaly zones, presumed to be caves; 27 sites at suitable locations and depth ranges were selected for drilling and further surveys. However, contrary to predictions, most of the anomaly zones were clinker layers or paleosols intercalated with lavas. Only five boreholes intersected caves. The clinker layers and paleosols were possibly detected as anomalies owing to their different physical properties from the other rocks. Two of the five cave-finding boreholes penetrated Yongcheon Cave; a new cave was found at the other. The two boreholes that penetrated Yongcheon Cave were drilled in areas where the cave has not been previously reported, and thus helped correct an error in the cave distribution map. The cave newly discovered in this boring exploration is 180 m long, and it is connected to the upstream part of Dangcheomul Cave (110 m). The cave contains well-developed lava helictites, lava levees, and ropy structures; carbonate speleothems such as soda straws, stalagmites, columns, and curtain shawls are also well preserved. Notably, the unique shape of the carbonate speleothems is attributed to their growth in relation to the cavern water that flowed into the cave along plant roots.
geophysical exploration;lava tube;cave speleothem;Jeju Island;Yongcheon Cave;Dangcheomul Cave;
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