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Constructing Geological Cross-sections at Depth and Interpreting Faults Based on Limited Shallow Depth Data Analysis and Core Logging: Southern Section of the Yangsan Fault System, SE Korea
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  • Journal title : The Journal of Engineering Geology
  • Volume 26, Issue 2,  2016, pp.277-290
  • Publisher : The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
  • DOI : 10.9720/kseg.2016.2.277
 Title & Authors
Constructing Geological Cross-sections at Depth and Interpreting Faults Based on Limited Shallow Depth Data Analysis and Core Logging: Southern Section of the Yangsan Fault System, SE Korea
Kim, Taehyung; Kim, Young-Seog; Lee, Youngmin; Choi, Jin-Hyuck;
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Deep geological cross-sectional data is generally not common nor easy to construct, because it is expensive and requires a great deal of time. As a result, geological interpretations at depth are limited. Many scientists attempt to construct geological cross-sections at depth using geological surface data and geophysical data. In this paper, we suggest a method for constructing cross-sections from limited geological surface data in a target area. The reason for this study is to construct and interpret geological cros-sections at depth to evaluate heat flow anomaly along the Yangsan fault. The Yangsan Fault passes through the south-eastern part of the Korean Peninsula. The cross-section is constructed from Sangbukmyeon to Unchonmyeon passing perpendicularly through the Yangsan Fault System trending NW-SE direction. The geological cross-section is constructed using the following data: (1) Lithologic distributions and main structural elements. (2) Extensity of sedimentary rock and igneous rock, from field mapping. (3) Fault dimension calculated based on geometry of exposed surface rupture, and (4) Seismic and core logging data. The Yangsan Fault System is composed of the Jain fault, Milyang fault, Moryang fault, Yangsan fault, Dongnae fault, and Ingwang fault which strike NNE-SSW. According to field observation, the western section of the Yangsan fault bounded by igneous rocks and in the eastern section sedimentary rocks are dominant. Using surface fault length we infer that the Yangsan Fault System has developed to a depth of kilometers beneath the surface. According to seismic data, sedimentary rocks that are adjacent to the Yangsan fault are thin and getting thicker towards the east of the section. In this study we also suggest a new method to recognize faults using core loggings. This analysis could be used to estimate fault locations at different scales.
Yangsan Fault System;heat flow;rock distribution;core logging;geological cross-sections;
 Cited by
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