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Epicuticular Waxes and Stomata of Adult Scale Leaves of the Chinese Juniper Juniperus chinensis
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  • Journal title : Applied Microscopy
  • Volume 42, Issue 3,  2012, pp.124-128
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
  • DOI : 10.9729/AM.2012.42.3.124
 Title & Authors
Epicuticular Waxes and Stomata of Adult Scale Leaves of the Chinese Juniper Juniperus chinensis
Kim, Ki-Woo;
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 Abstract
Leaf surface structures were investigated in the Chinese juniper Juniperus chinensis by scanning electron microscopy. Adult scale leaves were collected from the tree, air-dried at room temperature, and sputter-coated with gold without further specimen preparation. Approximately fi ve stomata were locally distributed and arranged in clusters on the leaf surface. Stomata were ovoid and ca. 40 long. The epicuticular wax structures of J. chinensis leaves were tubules and platelets. Numerous tubules were evident on the leaf regions where stomata were found. The tubules were cylindrical, straight, and ca. 1 in length. They almost clothed the stomatal guard cells, and occluded the slit-shaped stomatal apertures. Moreover, the wax ridges were flat crystalloids that were connected to the surface by their narrow side. They did not have distinct edges, and their width/height ratio varied. In particular, the wax ridges could be discerned on the leaf regions where stomata were not present nearby. Since the wax ridges did not have distinct edges on their margin, they were identified as platelets. Instances were noted where platelets were oriented either parallel to each other or perpendicular to the cuticle surface. These results can be used in biomimetics to design the hierarchical structures for mimicking the plant innate properties such as hydrophobicity and self-cleaning effects of the leaf surface.
 Keywords
Juniperus chinensis;Stomata;Wax;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
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