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Microstructural Organization of the Central Nervous System in the Orb-Web Spider Araneus ventricosus (Araneae: Araneidae)
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  • Journal title : Applied Microscopy
  • Volume 43, Issue 2,  2013, pp.65-74
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
  • DOI : 10.9729/AM.2013.43.2.65
 Title & Authors
Microstructural Organization of the Central Nervous System in the Orb-Web Spider Araneus ventricosus (Araneae: Araneidae)
Park, Yong-Ki; Moon, Myung-Jin;
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 Abstract
Although the geometrical difference in body position between web-building and wandering spiders could affect the organization of their central nervous system (CNS), however most of our informations about spider's CNS are dependent on those revealed from the wandering spiders. Therefore, this paper describes microstructural organizations of the CNS in the geometric orb-web spider Araneus ventricosus. Similarly to other wandering spiders, the CNS of A. ventricosus is also consisted of a dorsal supraesophageal ganglion and a ventral subesophageal mass. The supraesophageal ganglia are fused together and made up of a large sized nerve cell clusters, whereas the subesophageal ganglia are made up of the foremost part of the ventral nerve cord. It has been revealed that the only nerve arising from the supraesophageal mass was the optic nerve which connected with four pairs of eyes, whereas a pair of pedipalpal and four pairs of appendage nerves including abdominal nerve pairs were arisen from the subesophageal nerve mass. Fibrous masses are highly organized into longitudinal and transverse tracts, and are only consisted of processes of neurons and the terminal ramnifications of peripheral sensory neurons. In addition, central fibrous mass of both the brain and the subesophageal mass are totally devoid of nerve cell bodies.
 Keywords
Spiders;Central nervous system;Microstructure;Araneus ventricosus;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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CNS microstructure in the wandering wolf spider Arctosa kwangreungensis (Araneae: Lycosidae),;;

Entomological research, 2015. vol.45. 2, pp.84-93 crossref(new window)
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Morphological and anatomical changes related to leg anomalies in Tegenaria atrica, Zoomorphology, 2015, 134, 2, 237  crossref(new windwow)
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(Araneae: Lycosidae), Entomological Research, 2015, 45, 2, 84  crossref(new windwow)
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