Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Alteration of Leaf Surface Structures of Poplars under Elevated Air Temperature and Carbon Dioxide Concentration
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Applied Microscopy
  • Volume 43, Issue 3,  2013, pp.110-116
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
  • DOI : 10.9729/AM.2013.43.3.110
 Title & Authors
Alteration of Leaf Surface Structures of Poplars under Elevated Air Temperature and Carbon Dioxide Concentration
Kim, Ki Woo; Oh, Chang Young; Lee, Jae-Cheon; Lee, Solji; Kim, Pan-Gi;
  PDF(new window)
Effects of elevated air temperature and carbon dioxide () concentration on the leaf surface structures were investigated in Liriodendron tulipifera (yellow poplar) and Populus tomentiglandulosa (Suwon poplar). Cuttings of the two tree species were exposed to elevated air temperatures at (day/night) and concentrations at 770/790 ppm for three months. The abaxial leaf surface of yellow poplar under an ambient condition ( and 380/400 ppm) had stomata and epicuticular waxes (transversely ridged rodlets). A prominent increase in the density of epicuticular waxes was found on the leaves under the elevated condition. Meanwhile, the abaxial leaf surface of Suwon poplar under an ambient condition was covered with long trichomes. The leaves under the elevated condition possessed a higher amount of long trichomes than those under the ambient condition. These results suggest that the two poplar species may change their leaf surface structures under the elevated air temperature and concentration condition for acclimation of increased photosynthesis.
Carbon dioxide;Climate change;Poplar;Trichome;Wax;
 Cited by
CO2 농도 및 기온 상승에 대한 현사시나무의 광합성 반응,이솔지;오창영;한심희;김기우;김판기;

한국농림기상학회지, 2014. vol.16. 1, pp.22-28 crossref(new window)
Concentration and Air Temperature, Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2014, 16, 1, 22  crossref(new windwow)
Ahmed S A, Kim J I, Park K M, and Chun S K (2011) Ammonium nitrateimpregnated woodchips: a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer for plants. J. Wood Sci. 57, 295-301. crossref(new window)

Ash C, Culotta E, Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink J, Malakoff D, Smith J, Sugden A, and Vignieri S (2013) Once and future climate change. Science 341, 472-473. crossref(new window)

Barthlott W, Neinhuis C, Cutler D, Ditsch F, Meusel I, Theisen I, and Wilhelmi H (1998) Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 126, 237-260. crossref(new window)

Ensikat H J, Boese M, Mader W, Barthlott W, and Koch K (2006) Crystallinity of plant epicuticular waxes: electron and X-ray diffraction studies. Chem. Phys. Lipids. 144, 45-59. crossref(new window)

Ferris R, Long L, Bunn S M, Robinson K M, Bradshaw H D, Rae A M, and Taylor G (2002) Leaf stomatal and epidermal cell development: identification of putative quantitative trait loci in relation to elevated carbon dioxide concentration in poplar. Tree Physiol. 22, 633-640. crossref(new window)

Fraser L H, Greenall A, Carlyle C, Turkington R, and Friedman C R (2009) Adaptive phenotypic plasticity of Pseudoroegneria spicata: response of stomatal density, leaf area and biomass to changes in water supply and increased temperature. Ann. Bot. 103, 769-775.

Gunthardt-Goerg M S and Arend M (2013) Woody plant performance in a changing climate. Plant Biol. 15(Suppl 1), 1-4.

Haines B L, Jernstedt J A, and Neufeld H S (1985) Direct foliar effects of simulated acid rain II. Leaf surface characteristics. New Phytol. 99, 407-416. crossref(new window)

Karowe D N and Grubb C (2011) Elevated $CO_2$ increases constitutive phenolics and trichomes, but decreases inducibility of phenolics in Brassica rapa (Brassicaceae). J. Chem. Ecol. 37, 1332-1340. crossref(new window)

Kim H Y, Lee J W, Jeffries T W, and Choi I G (2011a) Response surface optimization of oxalic acid pretreatment of yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) for production of glucose and xylose monosaccharides. Biores. Tech. 102, 1440-1446. crossref(new window)

Kim K W, Cho D H, and Kim P G (2011b) Morphology of foliar trichomes of the Chinese cork oak Quercus variabilis by electron microscopy and three-dimensional surface profiling. Microsc. Microanal. 17, 461-468. crossref(new window)

Kim P G, Kim S H, Lee S M, Lee C H, and Lee E J (2002) Adaptability to the water relations of Populus alba${\times}$P. glandulosa in 'Kimpo' waste landfills. J. Korean For. Soc. 91, 279-286.

Meusel I, Neinhuis C, Markstädter C, and Barthlott W (1999) Ultrastructure, chemical composition, and recrystallization of epicuticular waxes: transversely ridged rodlets. Can. J. Bot. 77, 706-720.

Pachauri R K and Reisinger A (2008) Climate Change 2007. Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report (IPCC, Geneva).

Pritchard S G, Rogers H H, Prior S A, and Peterson C M (1999) Elevated $CO_2$ and plant structure: a review. Glob. Change Biol. 5, 807-837. crossref(new window)

Ro H M, Kim P G, Lee I B, Yiem M S, and Woo S Y (2001) Photosynthetic characteristics and growth responses of dwarf apple (Malus domestica Borkh. cv. Fuji) saplings after 3 years of exposure to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and temperature. Trees 15, 195-203. crossref(new window)

Robinson B H, Mills T M, Petit D, Fung L E, Green S R, and Clothier B E (2000) Natural and induced cadmium-accumulation in poplar and willow: implications for phytoremediation. Plant Soil 227, 301-306. crossref(new window)

Rottmann W H, Meilan R, Sheppard L A, Brunner A M, Skinner J S, Ma C, Cheng S, Jouanin L, Pilate G, and Strauss S H (2000) Diverse effects of overexpression of LEAFY and PTLF, a poplar (Populus) homolog of LEAFY/FLORICAULA, in transgenic poplar and Arabidopsis. Plant J. 22, 235-245. crossref(new window)

Sturrock R N, Frankel S J, Brown A V, Hennon P E, Kliejunas J T, Lewis K J, Worrall J J, and Woods A J (2011) Climate change and forest diseases. Plant Pathol. 60, 133-149. crossref(new window)