JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Structural Changes of Adhesive Discs during Attachment of Boston Ivy
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Applied Microscopy
  • Volume 44, Issue 4,  2014, pp.111-116
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
  • DOI : 10.9729/AM.2014.44.4.111
 Title & Authors
Structural Changes of Adhesive Discs during Attachment of Boston Ivy
Kim, InSun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study investigates the developmental pattern of adhesive discs (ADs) to highlight the ontogeny and structural changes that occur during the growth of Boston ivy. Initiation to postmortem features of ADs were examined through light and scanning electron microscopy. The study also reveals a new finding of the dislocation of peripheral tissues of adaxial origin. Four phases of attachment are suggested with regards to its climbing behavior: 1) pre-attachment, 2) upon attachment, 3) after attachment, and 4) final attachment. During initiation, several ADs originate from tendril primordia without epidermal differentiation. However, different growth rates in the epidermis results in completely different ADs. ADs were discerned by size, shape, and color during expansion, but cells in the adaxial surface remained alive longer than the other side. Upon contact, the ADs demonstrate simultaneous growth and deterioration, but once attachment is established the latter process subdues to final stages. Epidermal transformation, adhesive secretion, cellular disruption, and mechanical stress were essential for the self-clinging nature of Boston ivy. The post-attachment sequence is also believed to be critical in achieving maximum mechanical strength to provide extensive support. The developmental process of ADs is prompted by tactile stimulation but in a highly organized and systematic manner.
 Keywords
Adhesive disc;Attachment process;Boston ivy;Epidermis;Structural changes;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Climbing plants: attachment adaptations and bioinspired innovations, Plant Cell Reports, 2017, 1432-203X  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Autumn K, Sitti M, Liang Y A, Peattie A M, Hansen W R, Sponberg S, Kenny T W, Fearing R, Israelachvili J N, and Full R J (2002) Evidence for van der Waals adhesion in gecko setae. Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 12252-12256. crossref(new window)

2.
Bowling A J and Vaughn K C (2008) Structural and immunocytochemical characterization of the adhesive tendril of Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia [L.] Planch.). Protoplasma 232, 153-163. crossref(new window)

3.
Deng W (2008a) Parthenocissus inserta: environment-friendly plant or material?: tendril, adhesive disc and adhesive effect. Nat. Sci. Develop. 18, 1220-1225.

4.
Deng W (2008b) Tendril, adhesive disc and super adhesive effect of climbing plant. Nat. Proc. 1, 15.

5.
Endress A G and Thomson W W (1976) Ultrastructural and cytochemical syudies on the developing adhesive disc of Boston ivy tendril. Protoplasma 88, 315-321. crossref(new window)

6.
Endress A G and Thomson W W (1977) Adhesion of the Boston ivy tendril. Can. J. Bot. 55, 918-924. crossref(new window)

7.
Gao H, Wang X, Yao H, Gorb S N, and Arzt E (2005) Mechanics of hierarchical adhesion structures of geckos. Mech. Mater. 37, 275-285. crossref(new window)

8.
Gerrath J M and Posluszny U (1989) Morphological development in the Vitaceae. III. Vegetative development in Parthenocissus inserta. Can. J. Bot. 67, 803-816. crossref(new window)

9.
Hansen W R and Autumn A (2005) Evidence for self-cleaning in gecko setae. PNAS 102, 385-389. crossref(new window)

10.
He T, Miao X, Zhang L, Mu, Y, and Deng W (2010a) Research on the adhesion mechanism of the adhesive disc of Parthenocissus tricuspidata. 18th Int. Vacuum Cong. [Internet]. Available from: http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGZU201008001902.htm.

11.
He T, Zhang L, Xin H, and Deng W (2010b) Morphology and mechanics of the adhesive disc of liana Parthenocissus tricuspidata. Pure Appl. Chem. 82, 91-96.

12.
Jiang Z (1994) A morphological study on the wall adhesion mechanism of the adhesive discs of Parthenocissus tricuspidata and P. henriyana. J. Nanjing Agric. Univ. 17, 27-31.

13.
Junker S (1976) A scanning electron microscopic study on the development of tendrils of Parthenocissus tricuspidata and Sieb. & Zucc. New Phytol. 177, 741-746.

14.
Kim J and Kim I (2007) Epidermal changes of the adhesive disks during wall attachment in Parthenocissus tricuspidata. Korean J. Electron Microsc. 37, 83-91.

15.
Lee M and Kim I (2011) Characteristics of adhesive disks in Parthenocissus tricuspidata during attachment. Korean J. Electron Microsc. 41, 139-145.

16.
Ragni G, Conti G F, Cinti S, and Sapelli PL (1988) A plant model of biological adhesion. Bull. Group lnt. Rech. Sci. Stomatol. Odontol. 31, 189-205.

17.
Steinbrecher T, Kraft O, Speck T, Melzer B, and Schwaiger R (2009) Ontogenetic variations in morphology and attachment strength of permanent attachment pads of species of Parthenocissus. 6th Int. Vacuum Plant Biomech. Conf. 446-449.

18.
Wilson T and Posluszny U (2003) Complex tendril branching in two species of Parthenocissus: implications for the vitaceous shoot architecture. Can. J. Bot. 81, 587-597. crossref(new window)

19.
Yim J and Kim I (2002) Morphological and cellular characteristics of aerial roots in the epiphytic American ivy (Parthenocissus sp.). Korean J. Electron Microsc. 37, 329-337.