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Structural Changes of Adhesive Discs during Attachment of Boston Ivy
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  • Journal title : Applied Microscopy
  • Volume 44, Issue 4,  2014, pp.111-116
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
  • DOI : 10.9729/AM.2014.44.4.111
 Title & Authors
Structural Changes of Adhesive Discs during Attachment of Boston Ivy
Kim, InSun;
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This study investigates the developmental pattern of adhesive discs (ADs) to highlight the ontogeny and structural changes that occur during the growth of Boston ivy. Initiation to postmortem features of ADs were examined through light and scanning electron microscopy. The study also reveals a new finding of the dislocation of peripheral tissues of adaxial origin. Four phases of attachment are suggested with regards to its climbing behavior: 1) pre-attachment, 2) upon attachment, 3) after attachment, and 4) final attachment. During initiation, several ADs originate from tendril primordia without epidermal differentiation. However, different growth rates in the epidermis results in completely different ADs. ADs were discerned by size, shape, and color during expansion, but cells in the adaxial surface remained alive longer than the other side. Upon contact, the ADs demonstrate simultaneous growth and deterioration, but once attachment is established the latter process subdues to final stages. Epidermal transformation, adhesive secretion, cellular disruption, and mechanical stress were essential for the self-clinging nature of Boston ivy. The post-attachment sequence is also believed to be critical in achieving maximum mechanical strength to provide extensive support. The developmental process of ADs is prompted by tactile stimulation but in a highly organized and systematic manner.
Adhesive disc;Attachment process;Boston ivy;Epidermis;Structural changes;
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