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Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Varieties as a Potential Forage Crop
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  • Journal title : KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
  • Volume 57, Issue 2,  2012, pp.132-136
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2012.57.2.132
 Title & Authors
Comparison of Growth Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Varieties as a Potential Forage Crop
Lee, Ji-Yeon; Velusamy, Vijayanand; Koo, Ja-Yong; Ha, Bo-Keun; Kim, Dong-Sub; Kim, Jin-Baek; Kim, Sang-Hoon; Kang, Si-Yong;
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 Abstract
Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) is an annual herbaceous plant of the family Malvacease that has been planted in tropical Africa and Asia region for more than 4000 years and use as source of fiber, energy and feed stock. In this study, the physiological characters and chemical compositions of kenaf mutant variety "Jangdae" developed using gamma irradiation at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) were compared with three genetic resources (Auxu, C12, and C14-DRS). Jangdae showed the highest productivity growth rates in fresh yield, dry weight (DW) yield (leaf and stem), node number, and stem thickness. Especially, leaf DW yield of Jangdae was 1.6-3.1 times higher than that of three genetic resources. Also, stem DW yield of Jangdae was 1.6-2.1 times higher than that of three genetic resources. In the analysis of chemical composition, Jangdae showed 16.9% of crude protein content that was 0.86-0.94 times lower than three cultivars. However, Jangdae showed the highest neutral detergent fiber (NDF) contents in leaf (32.5%) and stem (75.2%). Also, acid detergent fiber (ADF) contents of stem and leaf in Jangdae were 64.4% and 33.9%, respectively. Total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents were 22.1 mg/g and 7.4 mg/g in Jangdae. Based on these results, Jangdae would have the potential to become a successful forage crop.
 Keywords
Hibiscus cannabinus;Kenaf;Bio-mass;Chemical composition;Mutant;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
국내 채종이 가능한 케나프(Hibiscus cannabinus L.) 신품종 '장대',강시용;권순재;정상욱;김진백;김상훈;류재혁;

한국육종학회지, 2016. vol.48. 3, pp.349-354 crossref(new window)
1.
Development of EST-SSR markers through de novo RNA sequencing and application for biomass productivity in kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), Genes & Genomics, 2017, 39, 10, 1139  crossref(new windwow)
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