Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Studies on the Bio-degradability and Characteristics of Mulching Films Containing Rice By-products Applied to Upland Crops
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Volume 57, Issue 2,  2012, pp.99-105
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2012.57.2.099
 Title & Authors
Studies on the Bio-degradability and Characteristics of Mulching Films Containing Rice By-products Applied to Upland Crops
Han, Sang-Ik; Kang, Hang-Won; Jang, Ki-Chang; Seo, Woo-Duck; Oh, Seong-Hwan; Ra, Ji-Eun; Lee, Hyeong-Un; Chung, Mi-Nam; Choi, Kyung-Jin;
  PDF(new window)
The main challenges for the development of agricultural bio-degradable mulching film concern the degradation during the lifetime of cultivated crops. A set of rice by-product (rice-hull and rice-bran) based bio-degradable mulching films was developed and tested, following the measurement of standard bio-degradability rate and adaptability in a large scale field experiment. The standard bio-degradability of bio-film passed the KS (Korea standard) regulation. The result of mechanical analysis of bio-degradable mulching film presented a higher mechanical strength and elongation rate compared with polyethylene film. In addition, bio-film could be degraded into fragments within 4 months under the field condition of several upland crops. Bio-degradable mulching film indicated great potential as a new source of agricultural bio-degradable material.
rice by-product;bio-film;bio-degradable materials;
 Cited by
Briassoulis, D. 2007. Analysis of the mechanical and degradation performances of optimised agricultural biodegradable films. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 92 : 1115-1132. crossref(new window)

Doane, W. M. 1992. USDA research on starch-based biodegradable plastics. Starch. 44 : 292-295.

Galicia-Garcia, T., F. Martinez-Bustos, O. Jimenez-Arevalo, A. B. Martinez, R. Ibarra-Gomez, M. Gaytan-Martinez, M. Mendoza-Duarte. 2011. Thermal and microstructural characterization of biodegradable films prepared by extrusion-calendering process. Carbohydrate Polymers. 83 : 354-361. crossref(new window)

Han, S. I., H. W. Kang, D. W. Byun, K. C. Jang, W. D. Suh, J. E. Ra, J. Y. Kim, and K. J. Choi. 2011. Bio-degradable Characteristics and Mechanical Properties of Mulching Films Containing Rice By-product. Korean J. Crop Sci. 56(2) : 113-118. crossref(new window)

Hwang, H. J., J. W. Suh, I. J. Ha, and Y. W. Ryu. 1996. Effects of planting time and mulching material on growth and seed yield for seed production culture in onion. RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 38(1) : 640-647.

Kim, H. K. and B. H. Hong. 1996. Effects of mulching materials on physical properties of soil and grain yield of sesame. Korean J. Crop Sci. 31(3) : 260-269.

Kim, J. H., T. H. Park, D. M. Shin, S. H. Lee, and G. Y. Han. 1994. Biodegradable Characteristics of Starch-filled Polyethylene Film by Fungi. Korean J. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 9(4) : 412-417

Kim, M. R. and S. J. Lee. 2000. Mechanical Properties and Degradability of Degradable Polyethylene Films Containing Crosslinked Potato Starch. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 32(6) : 1298-1305

Kim M. R. 2004. Gas and Lipid Permeabilities and Biodegradability of Poly(3-Hydroxybutyric Acid)/Chitosan Blend Film. Korean J. Food SCI. Technol. 33(7) : 1224-1229 crossref(new window)

Lee, J. S., K. H. Jeong, H. S. Kim, J. J. Kim, Y. S. Song, and J. K. Bang. 2009. Bio-Degradable Plastic Mulching in Sweetpotato Cultivation. Korean J. Crop Sci. 54(2) : 135-142.

Ministry of Environment. 2003. Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability and disintegration of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions - Part 1: Analysis of evolved carbon dioxide by titration method

Mohanty, A. K., M. Misra, and G. Hinrichsen. 2000. Biofibres, biodegradable polymers and biocomposites : An overview. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering. 276-277 : 1-24. crossref(new window)

Rhim, J. W. and J. H. Kim. 2004. Preparation of Bio-degradable Films Using Various Marine Algae Powder. Korean J. Food SCI. Technol. 36(1) : 69-74

Scarascia-Mugnozza, G., E. Schettini, G. Vox, M. Malinconico, B. Immirzi, and S. Pagliara. 2006. Mechanical properties decay and morphological behaviour of biodegradable films for agricultural mulching in real scale experiment. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 91(11) : 19-24.

Suk, H. S., S. H. Jung, S. C. Kim, B. S. Kim, Y. S. Shin, T. J. Lee, S. H. Jang, and B. Y. Shin. 2003. A Study on the Mechanical Properties and Oxygen Permeability of Pectin/Starch Blend Film. Journal of the Korean Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 14(8) : 1098-1103

Tuil, R. V., F. Paul, M Lawther, and C. J. Weber. 2000. Properties of biobased packaging materials. 13-44.