JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on the Optimum Planting Density of Pot Seedling for Mid-Late Maturing Rice Variety in Wheat-Rice Double Cropping System in Honam Plain Area
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
  • Volume 60, Issue 3,  2015, pp.257-265
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.3.257
 Title & Authors
Study on the Optimum Planting Density of Pot Seedling for Mid-Late Maturing Rice Variety in Wheat-Rice Double Cropping System in Honam Plain Area
Kang, Shin-Gu; Kim, Young-Doo; Ku, Bon-Il; Sang, Wan-Gyu; Lee, Min-Hee; Park, Hong-Kyu; Shon, Ji-Young; Yang, Woon-Ho; Lee, Jeom-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This experiment was carried out to determine the optimum planting density for rice pot seedling cultivation in wheat-rice double cropping system in Honam plain area. A mid-late maturing rice variety `Chinnong` was raised in pot seedling tray and conventional tray for 30 days, and then transplanted on June 25 in 2012 and 2013. Four different planting densities (15.2, 18.9, 21.6, and 25.3 hills per ) in pot seedlings were applied as treatment. Conventional tray seedling was implicated as control at a single planting density of 27.8 hills per . In this experiment, the number of effective tillers was increased as planting density increasing, but stem diameter was decreased. Pot seedling showed higher stem diameter and effective tillers than the control. Heading dates of pot seedling plots were not significantly different between the planting densities but 2 days faster than the control. Culm length, number of panicles, panicle length, and ripening grain ratio were higher in pot seedling compared to the control, but 1000-grain weight showed no significant difference. Milled rice yields in pot seedlings ranged from 5.19 to , and the highest yield was observed in 21.6 hills per . Head rice ratios in pot seedlings and the controls were not significantly different. Above results on planting density of rice pot seedling cultivation would be applicable to wheat-rice double cropping and also to late transplanting cultivation of rice single cropping.
 Keywords
rice;pot seedling;double cropping;planting density;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Baloch, A. W., A. M. Soomro, M. A. Javed, M. Ahmed, H. R. Bughio, M. S. Bughio, and N. N. Mastoi. 2002. Optimum plant density for high yield in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian J. Plant Sci. 1(1) : 25-27. crossref(new window)

2.
Choi, W. Y., S. H. Moon, H. K. Park, M. G. Choi, S. S. Kim, and C. K. Kim. 2006. Optimum planting density in low fertilizing culture of machine transplanting in rice. Korean Journal of Crop Science 51(5) : 379-385.

3.
Hong, K. C., J. H. Shim, Y. T. Seo, R. D. Park, K. Y. Kim, B. K. Shon, and Y. W. Kim. 1999. Effect of reduced N application and planting density on paddy rice. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 32(1) : 12-21.

4.
Hossain, M. Z., M. Saigusa, and K. Shibuya. 1998. Establishment of the no-tillage transplanting cultivation of high quality rice "Hitomebore" with a single basal application of controlled availability fertilizer in pot seedling box in cold regions. Tohoku J. Agri. Res. 48(3-4) : 85-92.

5.
Kim, B. K., J. K. Ko, J. K. Lee, and H. T. Shin. 1999. Analysis of yield and its associated characters affected by planting density and fertilizer level in heavy-panicle japonica rice Korean J. Breed. 31(1) : 21-28.

6.
Kim, J. K. and E. S. Rha. 1997. Potential yielding of rice grown after barley. Theses Collect Agri. Coll. 28 : 1-13.

7.
Kim, J. K., J. C. Shin, M. H. Lee, and Y. J. Oh. 1993. Growth characteristics of rice seedlings influenced by different nursing periods and temperatures after transplanting. RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 35(2) : 1-6.

8.
Kim, S. S., S. Y. Lee, J. H. Kim, and S. H. Bae. 1986. Optimum transplanting time for double cropping in the southern plain area. Res. Rept. RDA(R) 28(1) : 256-259.

9.
Kim, S. S., S. Y. Lee, M. S. Lim, and H. J. Kim. 1988. Effects of mechanical transplanting of potted adult rice seedling on seedling characters and yield in second crop field and polder land. Res. Rept. RDA(R) 30(1) : 69-82.

10.
Kim, S. W., O. D. Kwon, S. N. Yoo, S. R. Suh, Y. S. Choi, and G. I. Lee. 2006. Raising pot seedling for mechanical weeding in environmental-friendly rice culture. Korean Soci. for Agri. Machinery. 11(2) : 68-72.

11.
Kim, Y. D., M. K. Choi, B. I. Ku, H. K. Park, T. S. Park, N. H. Back, S. J. Kim, and J. K. Ko. 2010. Selection of suitable rice cultivars for silage barley-rice double cropping Honam plain area. Korean J. Intl. Agri. 22(4) : 337-340.

12.
Kim, Y. D., S. G. Kang, B. I. Ku, M. K. Choi, H. K. Park, W. G. Sang, M. H. Lee, and B. K. Kim. 2013. Growth and yield of pot seedling rice as affected by different transplanting times in double cropping. Korean J. Intl. Agri. 25(2) : 153-158. crossref(new window)

13.
Kwon, Y. R., I. Y. Choi, Y. H. Moon, K. W. Seo, P. K. Sharma, and D. H. Kim. 2011. The characteristics of growth, yield and quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.) on the basis of pot seedling raising method in eco-friendly agriculture. Korean J. Env. Agri. 30 : 275-280. crossref(new window)

14.
Lee, B. C., Y. H. Choi, K. H. Lee, and T. S. Kwak. 1992. Several agronomic traits and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under different seedling raising methods at high mountainous area. Res. Rept. RDA(R) 34(2) : 69-77.

15.
Miller, B. C., J. E. Hill, and S. R. Roberts. 1991. Plant population effects on growth and yield in water-seeded rice. Agron. J. 83(2) : 291-297. crossref(new window)

16.
Moon, Y. H., D. H. Oh, J. S. Choi, J. S. Na, and S. S. Han. 1998. Properties and effects of utilizable materials for organic farming in rice. Korean J. Env. Agri. 17(4) : 319-323.

17.
Nam, M. S., Y. S. Kwon, K. M. Kim, and J. K. Sohn. 2002. Effect of Sowing Amount on Seedling Growth and Grain Yield of Automatic Seedling Raising facility. Korean J. Crop Sci. 47(6) : 448-452.

18.
Park, H. K., B. I. Ku, M. K. Choi, T. S. Park, J. K. Ko, Y. D. Kim, J. E. Choi, and K. J. Kim. 2010. Effect of growth and panicle traits of rice by planting density and variety on low nitrogen fertilizer application. Korean J. Intl. Agri. 22(3) : 246-252.

19.
R Core Team. 2014. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.

20.
Rho, Y. D., J. H. Lee, and J. Y. Cho. 1977. Nitrogen response of rice varieties on grain yield and other agronomic characters. Korean J. Crop Sci. 22(2) : 1-17.

21.
Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2011. Manual of standard cultivation method. In: 2011 annual research report of national institute of crop science. Rural Development Administration. pp. 59-70.

22.
Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2012. Research and analysis standards of agricultural science and technology Suwon. pp. 317-338.

23.
Saigusa, M., M. Z. Hossain, T. Sato, and S. K. 1996. Establishment of cultivation methods of Hitomebore rice in cold regions. Tohoku J. Agri. Res. 46(3-4) : 113-123.

24.
Son, Y., S. T. Park, S. C. Kim, S. S. Lee, and S. K. Lee. 1989. Varietal response on different planting densities in rice. Res. Rept. RDA(R) 31(4) : 1-6.

25.
Wu, W., L. Nie, Y. Liao, F. Shah, K. Cui, Q. Wang, Y. Lian, and J. Huang. 2013. Toward yield improvement of early-season rice: Other options under double rice-cropping system in central China. Eur. J. Agronomy 45(0) : 75-86. crossref(new window)

26.
Yang, W. H. Y. D. Yun, Y. B. Oh, S. H. Park, R. K. Park, and D. S. Kim. 1988. Effect of adult seedlings grown at pot-type tray for the transplanter on rice growth of the mountainous and second cropping area. In Proceeding of the Korean Society of Crop Science. pp. 32-33.

27.
Yang, W. H., Y. D. Yun, Y. J. Oh, R. K. Park, Y. W. Kwon, and E. W. Lee. 1992. Response of machine-transplanted rice in days to heading and grain yield to seeding date, period and temperature of nursery. Korean J. Crop Sci. 37(S1) : 78-79.

28.
Yoon, S. T., N. I. Kwak, H. E. Shin, S. I. Shim, and Y. B. Kim. 2011. Optimization of rice cultivation method for double cropping in Cheonan area. Korean J. Intl. Agri. 23 : 402-409.

29.
Yun, S. H. 1998. Climate change and its impact on agricultural ecosystem. KSCS & KBS Symposium for 50th Anniversary GSNU, Jinju. Korean Society of Crop Science.

30.
Yun, Y. D. and J. H. Lee. 1978. Rice seedling establishment for machine transplanting III. Effects of seeding rate and fertilization on the characteristics of seedlings. Korean J. Crop Sci. 23(2) : 68-75.