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Distribution of Anthocyanin Contents According to Growth Stages in Black-seeded Soybean Germplasms
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  • Volume 60, Issue 3,  2015, pp.338-342
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Crop Science
  • DOI : 10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.3.338
 Title & Authors
Distribution of Anthocyanin Contents According to Growth Stages in Black-seeded Soybean Germplasms
Lee, Joo-Young; Hwang, In-Taek; Choi, Byung-Ryul; Yi, Eun-Seob; Kim, Yong-Ho;
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There has been known C3G (Cyanidin-3-Glucoside), D3G (Delphinidin-3-Glucoside), and Pt3G (Petunidin-3-Glucoside) were main anthocyanin pigments in black-seeded soybean. Anthocyanin contents of total 1,032 black-seeded soybean germplasms were analyzed by HPLC. Average of total anthocyanin content was 11.67 mg/g on the all materials ranged from 0.54 to 23.45 mg/g. Mean value of C3G, D3G, and Pt3G contents in all black-seeded soybeans were 8.81, 1.78 and 0.79 mg/g, respectively. Environmental conditions influenced anthocyanin contents during seed development. Delayed flowering, especially of later maturing germplasms, has been showed to result in increased anthocyanin content. So, prolonged maturation period germplasm is generally higher than that of shorten genotypes. It may be concluded that the higher levels of anthocyanin content was associated with the late dates of harvest maturity. Also larger seeds showed high anthocyanin contents than smaller. That inclination is similar in C3G`s occasion because C3G content contribute highly to total anthocyanin content than other pigments.
black-seeded soybean;anthocyanin;flowering date;maturing date;maturation period;
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