JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on Tree-ring Dating and Speciation of Charcoal found in Pumiceous Deposit of the Quaternary Nari Caldera, Ulleung Island, Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Economic and Environmental Geology
  • Volume 48, Issue 6,  2015, pp.501-508
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
  • DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2015.48.6.501
 Title & Authors
A Study on Tree-ring Dating and Speciation of Charcoal found in Pumiceous Deposit of the Quaternary Nari Caldera, Ulleung Island, Korea
Im, Ji Hyeon; Choo, Chang Oh;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study is to provide an inquiry into paleovegetation (paleoenvironment), eruption age and inferred emplacement temperature of pyroclastic deposit using charcoal occurred in the Quaternary Nari Caldera, Ulleung Island. In order to obtain the data, we carried out species identification and tree-ring analysis, radiocarbon dating for the charcoal. This sample was collected from pumiceous deposit in lowermost member(Member N-5) of the Nari Tephra Formation, which corresponds to the wood branch that has well preserved the tree-ring structure. Speciation and outermost tree-ring of wood reveal Picea spp. and years. The calibrated ages from the center(pith) to the outermost tree-ring are , , and , respectively, which are accordant with the tree-ring position. The youngest age, <19,710 cal BP would have implications for the eruptive age of Member N-5. Our results indicate that Picea spp. is the paleovegetation representing that Nari Caldera was under cold and wet climate conditions during the late Pleistocene. Based on the silky luster, brittleness, color, and streak of charcoal, etc., the lowest emplacement temperatures of pyroclastic flow are interpreted to have been at least as high as .
 Keywords
Ulleung Island;charcoal;wood species;tree-ring analysis;radiocarbon dating;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Geological heritage of the Ulleungdo·Dokdo National Geopark and its management system, Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 2016, 52, 5, 739  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Anagnost, S.E., Meyer, R.W. and de Zeeuw, C. (1994) Confirmation and significance of Bartholin's method for the identification of the wood of Picea and Larix. IAWA Journal, v.15(2), p.171-184. crossref(new window)

2.
Bak, Y.S., Lee, S.J., Chun, J.H. and Lee, J.D. (2010) Paleoclimatic Changes from Quaternary Sediments in the Ulleung Basin, Korea: evidence from the Diatom Record. Journal of the Paleontological Society of Korea, v.26(2), p.183-192.

3.
Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013) OxCal v4.2.3. http://c14.arch.ox.ac.uk

4.
Bustin, R.M. and Guo, Y. (1999) Abrupt changes (jumps) in reflectance values and chemical compositions of artificial charcoals and inertinite in coals. International Journal of Coal Geology, v.38, p.237-260. crossref(new window)

5.
Chung, J.M., Yoon, J.H., Shin, J.K. and Moon, H.S. (2011) Correlation Analysis between Forest Community and Environment Factor of Nari Basin in Ulleung Island. Journal of Agriculture and Life Science, v.45(3), p.1-7.

6.
Correia, M., Maury, R. and Arai, F. (1974) Mesure par leur pouvoir reflecteur, des temperatures de carbonisation des bois fossilises dans les formations volcanique. Bulletin Centre Recherches de Pau, v.8, p.527-536.

7.
Creber, G.T. (1977) TREE RINGS: A NATURAL DATASTORAGE SYSTEM. Biological Reviews, v.52(3), p.349-381. crossref(new window)

8.
Hwang, S.K., Hwang, J.H. and Kwon, C.W. (2012) Geological report of the Ulleung Sheet. Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 84p.

9.
Hwang, S.K. and Jo, I.H. (2014) Petrologic evolution processes of the latest volcanic rocks in Ulleung Island, East Sea. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, v.50(3), p.343-363.

10.
Im, J.H., Shim, S.H., Choo, C.O., Jang, Y.D. and Lee, J.S. (2012) Volcanological and paleoenvironmental implications of charcoals of the Nari Formation in Nari Caldera, Ulleung Island, Korea. Geosciences Journal, v.16(2), p.105-114. crossref(new window)

11.
Jones, T.P., Scott, A.C. and Cope, M. (1991) Reflectance measurements and the temperature of formation of modern charcoals and implications for studies of fusain. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, v.162, p.193-200.

12.
Kim, G.B., Cronin, S.J., Yoon, W.S. and Sohn, Y.K. (2014) Post 19 ka B.P. eruptive history of Ulleung Island, Korea, inferred from an intra-caldera pyroclastic sequence. Bulletin of Volcanology, v.76(4), p.1-26.

13.
Kim, I.S., Park, M.H., Yu, K.M. and Ryu, B.J. (2004) Geochemical Characteristics of Core Sediments from the northwestern Ulleung Basin, East Sea: Implications for Paleoenvironmental Changes. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, v.40(1), p.1-12.

14.
Kim, J.C., Lee, C.H., Kim, I.C., Park, J.H., Kang, J., Cheoun, M.K., Kim, Y.D. and Moon, C.B. (2000) A new AMS facility in Korea. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, v.172, p.13-17. crossref(new window)

15.
Lee, D.B. and Joo, S.W. (1958) Review of Flora in Ulleung Island, Korea. Ph.D. thesis, Korea University, Seoul, 74p. (in Korean)

16.
Lee, J.H., Cho, H.J. and Hur, T.C. (2006) Spatial Distribution and Vegetation-Environment Relationship of Forest Vegetation in Ulleung Island, Korea. Journal of Ecology and Environment, v.29(6), p.521-529.

17.
Lee, J.H., Cho, H.J., Lee, B.C., Oh, S.H. and Bae, K.H. (2007) Forest Vegetation Types and Growth Characteristics of Seongin-bong in Ulleung Island, Korea. Korean Jorunal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v.9(1), p.37-48. crossref(new window)

18.
Lee, P.W. (1994) Microscopical anatomy of domestic wood in Korea. Jeongminsa. Seoul, 321p.

19.
Lee, P.W. (1997a) Properties and Utilization of Korean Woods(I). Seoul National University Press, Seoul, 622p.

20.
Lee, P.W. (1997b) Properties and Utilization of Korean Woods(II). Seoul National University Press, Seoul, 472p.

21.
Machida, H. (2002) Volcanoes and Tephras in the Japan Area. Global Environmental Research, v.6, p.19-28.

22.
Maury, R. (1971) Application de la spectrometrie infrarouge a l'etude des bois fossilises dans les formations volcaniques. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, v.5-6, p.532-538.

23.
Maury, R. (1975) Evolution chimique globale de la matiere organique des bois carbonises dans les Formations volcaniques; consequences paleothermometriques, Tephrostratigraphiques et tephrochronologiques: Compte Rendu 99e. In Congres National Societies Savantes, v.1, p.53-64.

24.
McParland, L.C., Collinson, M.E., Scott, A.C., Steart, D.C., Grassineau, N.V. and Gibbons, S.J. (2007) Ferns and fires: experimental charring of ferns compared to wood and implications for paleobiology, paleoecology, coal petrology, and isotope geochemistry. Palaios, v.22(5), p.528-538. crossref(new window)

25.
Okuno, M., Shiihara, M., Torii, M., Nakamura, T., Kim, K., Domitsu, H., Moriwaki, H. and Oda, M. (2010) AMS radiocarbon dating of Holocene tephra layers on Ulleung Island, South Korea. Radiocarbon, v.52, p.1465-1470.

26.
Park, S.J., Lee, W.Y. and Lee, H.H. (1987) Structure and identification of wood. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, 385p.

27.
Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Buck, C.E., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Haflidason, H., Hajdas, I., Hatte, C., Heaton, T.J., Hoffmann, D.L., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., Manning, S.W., Niu, M., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Scott, E.M., Southon, J.R., Staff, R.A., Turney, C.S.M. and van der Plicht, J. (2013) IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0-50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon v.55(4), p.1869-1887. crossref(new window)

28.
Ryu, E.Y., Ryu, B.J., Yun, H.S. and Lee, S.J. (2003) Diatom floras of the Ulleung Basin: implication for Late Quaternary paleoenvironment. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea. v.39(2), p.183-198.

29.
Sawada, Y., Sampei, Y., Hyodo, M., Yagami, T. and Fukue, M. (2000) Estimation of emplacement temperatures of pyroclastic flows using H/C ratios of carbonized wood. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, v.104(1), p.1-20. crossref(new window)

30.
Scott, A.C. (1989) Observations on the nature and origin of fusain. International Journal of Coal Geology, v.12, p.443-475. crossref(new window)

31.
Scott, A.C. (2000) The pre-Quaternary history of fire. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v.164, p.281-329. crossref(new window)

32.
Scott, A.C. and Glasspool, I.J. (2005) Charcoal reflectance as a proxy for the emplacement temperature of pyroclastic flow deposits. Geology, v.33(7), p.589-592. crossref(new window)

33.
Scott, A.C. and Glasspool, I.J. (2007) Observations and experiments on the origin and formation of inertinite group macerals. International Journal of Coal Geology, v.70, p.55-66.

34.
Scott, A.C. and Jones, T.P. (1991) Microscopical observations of recent and fossil charcoal. Microscopy and Analysis, v.24, p.13-15.

35.
Scott, A.C., Sparks, R.S.J., Bull, I.D., Knicker, H. and Evershed, R.P. (2008) Temperature proxy data and their significance for the understanding of pyroclastic density currents. Geology, v.36(2), p.143-146. crossref(new window)

36.
Tuniz, C., Bird, J.R., Fink, D. and Herzog, G.F. (1998) Accelerator Mass Spectrometry: Ultrasensitive Analysis for Global Science. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 371p.

37.
Won, J.K. and Lee, M.W. (1984) The Volcanism and Petrology of alkali Volcanic rocks, Ulrung Island. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, v.20(4), p.296-305.

38.
Yi, S.H. (2008) Palynological study of late Quaternary lacustrine- and wetland-deposits for paleoclimatic reconstruction: A general review. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea. v.44(1), p.105-117.