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Analysis on New Research Opportunities and Strategies for Earth Sciences in the United States
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  • Journal title : Economic and Environmental Geology
  • Volume 49, Issue 1,  2016, pp.43-52
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental Geology
  • DOI : 10.9719/EEG.2016.49.1.43
 Title & Authors
Analysis on New Research Opportunities and Strategies for Earth Sciences in the United States
Kim, Seong-Yong; Ahn, Eun-Young; Bae, Jun-Hee; Lee, Jae-Wook;
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 Abstract
The essential role of the Division of Earth Sciences(EAR) in the Directorate of Geoscience(GEO) of National Science Foundation of America(NSF) is to support basic research aimed at acquiring fundamental knowledge of the Earth system that can be directly applied to the United States` strategic needs. The 2011 Committee on New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences(NROES) of the National Academy of Sciences(NAS) identified specific areas of the basic earth science research scope of the EAR that were poised for rapid progress during the next decade. Quantified by interdisciplinary approaches, the Committee highlighted the following topics relating to the EAR Deep Earth Processes and Surface Earth Processes sections: (1) the early Earth; (2) thermochemical internal dynamics and volatile distribution; (3) faulting and deformation processes; (4) interactions among climate, the Earth surface processes, tectonics, and deep Earth processes; (5) co-evolution of life, environment, and climate; (6) coupled hydrogeomorphic-ecosystem response to natural and anthropogenic change; and (7) interactions of biogeochemical and water cycles in terrestrial environments. We also promote future research challenges such as the critical zone studies. In order to promote more active such a huge future research challenges, additional research support policies are needed.
 Keywords
National Science Foundation;Directorate of Geoscience;Division of Earth Sciences;New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences;Earth processes;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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