Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Underwater E-plane Attenuation Model of Omnidirectional Antenna Using Half Power Beam Width (HPBW)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Underwater E-plane Attenuation Model of Omnidirectional Antenna Using Half Power Beam Width (HPBW)
Kwak, Kyungmin; Park, Daegil; Kim, Younghyeon; Chung, Wan Kyun; Kim, Jinhyun;
In this paper, we use the characteristics of electromagnetic waves underwater attenuation for estimating linear distance between a transmitting node and receiving node, and research underwater vertical plane attenuation model for constructing the underwater localization system. The underwater localization of 2 dimensional with the plane attenuation model in the horizontal plane (H-plane) was proposed previous research. But for the 3 dimensional underwater localization, the additional vertical plane (E-plane) model should be considered. Because the horizontal plane of omnidirectional antenna has the same attenuation tendency in x-y plane according to the distance, whereas in vertical plane shows an irregular pattern in x-z plane. For that reason, in the vertical plane environment, the attenuation should be changed by the position and inclination. Hence, in this paper the distance and angle between transmitting and receiving node are defined using spherical coordinate system and derive an antenna gain pattern using half power beam width (HPBW). The HPBW is called a term which defines antenna's performance between isotropic and other antennas. This paper derives omnidirectional antenna's maximum gain and attenuation pattern model and define vertical plane's gain pattern model using HPBW. Finally, experimental verifications for the proposed underwater vertical plane's attenuation model was executed.
HPBW;underwater localization;RF localization;antenna pattern;omni-directional antenna;RSS;directivity;
 Cited by
전자기파의 감쇠패턴 및 깊이 정보 취득을 이용한 수중 위치추정 기법,곽경민;박대길;정완균;김진현;

로봇학회논문지, 2016. vol.11. 3, pp.156-162 crossref(new window)
Paull, L. Saeedi, S. Seto, M. Li, H., "AUV navigation and localization: A review," Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 131-149, 2014

Fallon, M. F. Folkesson, J. McClelland, H. Leonard, J. J., "Relocating underwater features autonomously using sonar based SLAM," Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of no. 3, pp. 500-513, 2013.

X. Che, I. Wells, G. Dickers, P. Kear, and X. Gong, "Re-evaluation of rf electromagnetic communication in underwater sensor networks," Communications Magazine, IEEE, vol. 48, no. 12, pp. 143-151, 2010. crossref(new window)

D. G. Park, J. Kim, and W. K. Chung, "Simulated 3D underwater localization based on RF sensor model using EKF," Proc. of Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence (8th URAI), pp. 832-833, 2011.

B. Zerr, G. Mailfert, A. Bertholom, and H. Ayreault, "Sidescan sonar image processing for AUV navigation," Proc. of Oceans 2005, vol. 1, pp. 124-130, Europe, 2005.

Wikipedia images, "Method of operation of a short baseline acoustic positioning system for ROV"

Ahmed I. Al-Shamma'a, Andrew Shaw, and Saher Saman, "Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves at MHz Frequiencies Through Seawater," Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions, vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 2843-2849.

J. C. Lee and S. W. Nam, "Effective area of a receiving antenna in lossy medium," Antennas and propagation, IEEE Transactions, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1843-1845, Jun. 2009. crossref(new window)

S.-J. Lee, K. M. Kwak, and J. Kim, "Development of two dimensional underwater localization system using rf sensors," Proc. of the 7th International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots and Ambient Intelligence 2010, Busan, Korea, pp. 541-543, Oct. 2010.

D. G. Park, K. M. Kwak, W. K. Chung, and J. Kim, "Infrastructure-based localization system using underwater wireless sensor network," Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems (in Korean), vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 699-705, Aug. 2012. crossref(new window)

K. M. Kwak and J. Kim, "Development of 3-dimensional sensor nodes using electro-magnetic waves for underwater localization," Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems (in Korean), vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 107-112, Feb. 2013. crossref(new window)

D. G. Park, K. M. Kwak, W. K. Chung, and J. Kim, "Development of underwater distance sensor using EM wave attenuation," International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Karlsruhe Germany, 2013.

H. Buck, "Engineering Electromagnetics 7th," McGraw-hill, Boston, 2006.

C. A. Balanis, "Antenna theory : Ch. 2 Basic parameter of antenna," John Wiley, New York, 2005.