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First record of red macroalgae bloom in Southern Atlantic Brazil
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  • Journal title : ALGAE
  • Volume 31, Issue 1,  2016, pp.33-39
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Phycology
  • DOI : 10.4490/algae.2016.31.3.5
 Title & Authors
First record of red macroalgae bloom in Southern Atlantic Brazil
Martins, Mateus S.; Massocato, Thais F.; Horta, Paulo A.; Barufi, Jose Bonomi;
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Blooms of macroalgae have grown over the planet in recent decades as a possible result of eutrophication of coastal waters. Visually, a bloom forming can be identified by dominant presence of an organism at the expense of others. In mid-January 2014, a forming bloom of red algae was detected on the beach of Garopaba, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. This aroused the interest of tourists and locals as well as the scientific community. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize and quantify the photosynthetic floating organisms contributing to this phenomenon. In addition, we qualitatively compared algal composition of the bloom to those deposited in the post-beach area and the adjacent rocky shore community. Five sampling points in random patches of floating material were defined. At each point, five replicates were taken with a cube of 32,768 cm3, resulting in a total of 25 samples. Samples were collected in the inner area enclosed by a PVC quadrate of about 900 cm² from the shore and the specimens found in post-beach zone (wrack). Twenty-four taxa of macroalgae were found in the bloom, with Aglaothamnion uruguayense as the dominance one. Ten taxa were found on shore. Only four taxa were found in the post-beach area. The biomass estimated for A. uruguayense in the floating material was 8.35 tons with an estimated area of 52,770 m2 . It is possible that this huge biomass value of the bloom is related to the local nutrient intake, and our results reinforce the necessity of coastal integrative management initiatives.
abundance;Aglaothamnion uruguayense;bloom;Garopaba;red algae;
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