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Effect of Wet Cold and Gibberellin Treatments on Germination of Dwarf Stone Pine Seeds
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Plant Resources
  • Volume 28, Issue 2,  2015, pp.253-258
  • Publisher : The Plant Resources Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2015.28.2.253
 Title & Authors
Effect of Wet Cold and Gibberellin Treatments on Germination of Dwarf Stone Pine Seeds
Lim, Hyo-In; Kim, Gil-Nam; Jang, Kyung-Hwan; Park, Wan-Geun;
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In South Korea, Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel (dwarf stone pine) has been designated as a critically endangered species by the Korea Forest Service. We have difficulties in obtaining the seeds of P. pumila because P. pumila grows only in the Daecheongbong area (1550–1700 m above sea level) of Mt. Seorak and almost all of its cones are damaged by birds and rodents. For establishing an ex situ conservation stand of P. pumila, this study was conducted to figure out the effects of wet cold (cold stratification, prechilling) and GA3 treatment on the germination of P. pumila seeds. After cold stratification (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 months), prechilling (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 months) and GA3 treatment (0, 100, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 ㎎/L), seeds were placed on petri-dishes at 25℃ under light condition. The percentage of germination, mean germination time and the germination rate were investigated. The results showed that both of the cold stratification and prechilling were effective in improving germination performances. However, there were no significant differences in performances between the two cold treatments. Within each treatment, the germination performances improved with the period of treatment. However, after three months of treatment, the performances showed no significant improvement. The gibberellin treatment was also effective in improving seed germination of P. pumila. The percentage of germination reached 79.0% in the seeds treated with 100 ㎎/L of GA3. However, the germination performances decreased at high concentration of GA3 treatments (over 2000 ㎎/L). In conclusion, cold stratification (over 3 months) or 100 ㎎/L of GA3 treatment was considered to be the appropriate method for seedling production of P. pumila.
Cold stratification;Ex situ conservation;GA3;Pinus pumila;Prechilling;
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