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Ethnobotanical Study on the Traditional Knowledge of Vascular Plant Resources in South Korea
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Plant Resources
  • Volume 29, Issue 1,  2016, pp.62-89
  • Publisher : The Plant Resources Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2016.29.1.062
 Title & Authors
Ethnobotanical Study on the Traditional Knowledge of Vascular Plant Resources in South Korea
Chung, Jae-Min; Kim, Hyun-Jun; Park, Gwang-Woo; Jeong, Hye-Ran; Choi, Kyung; Shin, Chang-Ho;
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The great part of the traditional knowledge on ethnobotanical plants and their uses is gradually vanishing due to industrialization, therefore ethnobotanical studies that explore and preserve the knowledge are in urgent needed before the knowledge are lost ever. This study was conducted to record and conserve the traditional knowledge of botanical taxa in Korea from 2006 to 2014. According to the survey results, derived from 17,328 sheets of 1,771 residents at 868 places, the ethnobotanical plants in Korea consisted of a total 924 taxa; 130 families, 493 genera, 813 species, 7 subspecies, 92 varieties and 12 form. Of them, herbs were 619 taxa (67.0%) and woody plants were 305 taxa (33.0%). 707 taxa (76.5%) out of 924 taxa grow wild, 44 taxa (4.8%) were cultivated wild species, 145 taxa (15.7%) were introduced for cultivation, and 28 taxa (3.0%) were naturalized plants. The analysis of usage for 924 taxa showed that the edible use was the highest with 58.9%, followed by medicinal with 26.9%, material with 3.7% and ornamental with 2.3%, respectively. The leaf of plant was the most useful part, followed by stem and root. Quantitative analysis of the ethnobotanical plants in Korea was performed by the basic values of FC, NU and UR, and indices of CI, RFC, RI and CV. As a result, The CI place Artemisia princeps in first position, followed by Aster scaber, Kalopanax septemlobus. The RFC place A. scaber in first position, followed by A. princeps, Aralia elata. The RI place A. princeps in first position, followed by Pinus densiflora, Morus alba. The CV place A. princeps in first position, followed by P. densiflora, K. septemlobus.
Ethnobotany;Traditional Konwledge;Relative Frequency of Citation;Cultural Importance Index;Relative Importance;Cultural Value;
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