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Study on EMTP Simulation Applying Dual Reactor for Prevention of the Ferro-resonance and VT Burnout in Substation System
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 Title & Authors
Study on EMTP Simulation Applying Dual Reactor for Prevention of the Ferro-resonance and VT Burnout in Substation System
Kim, Seok-kon; An, Yong-ho; Jang, Byung-tae; Choi, Jong-kee; Lee, Nam-ho; Han, Jung-yeol; Lee, You-jin;
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When the line and switchgear of the substation system are disconnected, ferro-resonance can occur. This happens even if the capacitive reactance and inductive reactance are not equal, which are not common resonance conditions. Resonance conditions vary depending on the busbar configuration environment. Although the damping resistance method applying the existing saturable reactor to cope with ferro-resonance has been successfully applied on site, there can be loss of normal function during long-term operation. The reason is because the rise in the operating frequency of saturable reactors means the saturation number is increased. Therefore, it can no longer function as saturable reactor since the resistor having inadequate capacity is burned out. To address this problem, in this paper, an EMTP-based simulation test was performed by designing and applying a dual reactor method, which adds an extended divergence reactor to the 1st side of the VT. The test result confirms that when the divergence reactor is inserted, the voltage and current values obtained at the 1st side and 2nd side of the VT as well as current values of divergence reactor part were stabilized from the transient phenomena and return to normal values. When compared with existing measures, although this method is similar in adding having a reactor added to a system regarding ferro-resonance, it has the advantage of being able to prevent ferro-resonance in advance since the reactor is added before the system is saturated. In addition, because it does not use damping resistance, it can extend the equipment life and stabilize its operation. Therefore, there are a lot of differences in terms of its operating characteristics and achivement of goal between the conventional method and new divergence reactor method.
Ferro-resonance;Saturable Reactor;Damping Resistance;Voltage Transformer;Dual Reactor;
 Cited by
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J.E.Lee, "Professional Engineers for Electrical Engineering" ,, 2014

W.S.Choi, S.K Kim, "Investigation and Countermeasure of P.T Ferroresonance in the 154kV GIS Substation", KIEE, July 10, 2002

Jae-Gu Choi, Ik-Soo Kim, "Parameter Selection of the Saturable Reactor for Removing Ferroresonance of 362 Kv Gas VT using EMTP", KIEE, Vol. 50C, No. 4, APR, 2001

S.K.Kim, "An empirical study on a fault phenomenon for the power supply circuit of the network based power IT instrument by a surge transient characteristics", KIEE, April 25, 2014

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