JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Performance Comparison of Spray-dried Mn-based Oxygen Carriers Prepared with γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, and MgAl2O4 as Raw Support Materials
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Performance Comparison of Spray-dried Mn-based Oxygen Carriers Prepared with γ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, and MgAl2O4 as Raw Support Materials
Baek, Jeom-In; Kim, Ui-Sik; Jo, Hyungeun; Eom, Tae Hyoung; Lee, Joong Beom; Ryu, Ho-Jung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In chemical-looping combustion, pure oxygen is transferred to fuel by solid particles called as oxygen carrier. Chemical-looping combustion process usually utilizes a circulating fluidized-bed process for fuel combustion and regeneration of the reduced oxygen carrier. The performance of an oxygen carrier varies with the active metal oxide and the raw support materials used. In this work, spraydried Mn-based oxygen carriers were prepared with different raw support materials and their physical properties and oxygen transfer performance were investigated to determine that the raw support materials used are suitable for spray-dried manganese oxide oxygen carrier. Oxygen carriers composed of 70 wt% and 30 wt% support were produced using spray dryer. Two different types of , and , and were applied as starting raw support materials. The oxygen carrier prepared from showed high mechanical strength stronger than commercial fluidization catalytic cracking catalyst at calcination temperatures below , while the ones prepared from and required higher calcination temperatures. Oxygen transfer capacity of the oxygen carrier prepared from was less than 3 wt%. In comparison, oxygen carriers prepared from and showed higher oxygen transfer capacity, around 3.4 and 4.4 wt%, respectively. Among the prepared Mn-based oxygen carriers, the one made from showed superior oxygen transfer performance in the chemical-looping combustion of , , and CO. However, it required a high calcination temperature of to obtain strong mechnical strength. Therefore, further study to develop new support compositions is required to lower the calcination temperature without decline in the oxygen transfer performance.
 Keywords
Carbon dioxide;chemical looping combustion;oxygen carrier;manganese oxide;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ishida, M. and Jin, H., "A Novel Chemical-Looping Combustor without NOx Formation," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35, pp. 2469-2472, 1996. crossref(new window)

2.
Lyngfelt, A., Leckner B., and Mattisson, T., "A Fluidized-bed combustion process with inherent $CO_2$ separation; application of chemical-looping combustion," Chem. Eng. Sci., 56, pp. 3101-3113, 2001. crossref(new window)

3.
Kronberger, B., Johansson, E., Looffler, G., Mattisson, T., Lyngfelt, A., and Hofbauer, H., "A Two-Compartment Fluidized Bed Reactor for $CO_2$ Capture by Chemical-Looping Combustion," Chem. Eng. Technol., 27, pp. 1318-1326, 2004. crossref(new window)

4.
Ryu, H.-J. and Jin, G.-T., "Criteria for Selection of Metal Component in Oxygen Carrier Particles for Chemical-Looping Combustor," Korean Chem. Eng. Res., 42, pp. 588-597, 2004.

5.
Jin, H., Okamoto, T., and Ishida, M., "Development of a Novel Chemical-Looping Combustion: Synthesis of a Solid Looping Material of $NiO/NiAl_2O_4$," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 38(1), pp. 126-132, 1999. crossref(new window)

6.
Gayan, P., de Diego, L. F., Garcia-Labiano, F., Adanez, J., Abad, A., and Dueso, C., "Effect of support on reactivity and selectivity of Ni-Based oxygen carriers for chemical-looping combustion," Fuel, 87(12), pp. 2641-2650, 2008. crossref(new window)

7.
Jerndal, E., Mattisson, T., and Lyngfelt, A., "Thermal Analysis of Chemical-Looping Combustion," Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 84(A9), pp. 795-806, 2006. crossref(new window)

8.
Abad, A., Mattisson, T., Lyngfelt, A., and Ryden, M., "Chemical looping combustion in a 300 W continuously operating reactor system using a manganese-based oxygen carrier," Fuel, 85(9), pp. 1174-1185, 2006. crossref(new window)

9.
Fang, H., Haibin, L., and Zengli, Z., "Advancements in Developments of Chemical-Looping Combustion: A Review," International Journal of Chemical Engineering, Volume 2009, Article ID 710515, 2009.

10.
Adanez, J., Abad, A., Garcia-Labiano, F., Gayan, P., and de Diego, L. F., "Progress in Chemical-Looping Combustion and Reforming technologies," Prog. Energ. Combust., 38, pp. 215-282, 2012. crossref(new window)

11.
Ryu, H.-J., Lim, N. Y., Bae, D. H., and Jin, G.-T., "Carbon Deposition Characteristics and Regenerative Ability of Oxygen Carrier Particles for Chemical-Looping Combustion," Korean J. Chem. Eng., 20(1), pp. 157-162, 2003. crossref(new window)

12.
Chuang, S. Y., Dennis, J. S., Hayhurst, A. N., Scott, S. A., "Development and performance of Cu-based oxygen carriers for chemical-looping combustion," Combust. Flame, 154, pp. 109-121, 2008. crossref(new window)

13.
Villa, R., Cristiani, C., Groppi, G., Lietti, L., Forzatti, P., Cornaro, U., and Rossini, S., "Ni based mixed oxide materials for CH4 oxidation under redox cycle conditions," J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 204-205, pp. 637-646, 2003.

14.
Mattisson, T., Jardnas, A., and Lyngfelt, A., "Reactivity of Some Metal Oxides Supported on Alumina with Alternating Methane and Oxygen: Application for Chemical-Looping Combustion," Energy Fuels, 17(3), pp. 643-651, 2003. crossref(new window)

15.
Baek, J.-I., Ryu, C. K., Lee, J. H., Eom, T. H., Lee, J. B., Ryu, H.-J., Ryu, J., and Yi, J. "The effects of using structurally less-stable raw materials for the support of a spray-dried oxygen carrier with high NiO content," Fuel, 102, pp. 106-114, 2012. crossref(new window)

16.
Baek, J.-I., Yang, S.-R., Eom, T. H., Lee, J. B., and Ryu, C. K., "Effect of MgO addition on the physical properties and reactivity of the spray-dried oxygen carriers prepared with a high content of NiO and $Al_2O_3$," Fuel, 144, pp. 317-326, 2015 crossref(new window)