Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Human Brain and Information Science: Lessons from Popular Neuroscience
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Human Brain and Information Science: Lessons from Popular Neuroscience
Sturges, Paul;
  PDF(new window)
Insights from the recent wealth of popular books on neuroscience are offered to suggest a strengthening of theory in information science. Information theory has traditionally neglected the human dimension in favour of 'scientific' theory often derived from the Shannon-Weaver model. Neuroscientists argue in excitingly fresh ways from the evidence of case studies, non-intrusive experimentation and the measurements that can be obtained from technologies that include electroencephalography, positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and magnetoencephalography (MEG). The way in which the findings of neuroscience intersect with ideas such as those of Kahneman on fast and slow thinking and Csikszentmihalyi on flow, is tentatively explored as lines of connection with information science. It is argued that the beginnings of a theoretical underpinning for current web-based information searching in relation to established information retrieval methods can be drawn from this.
Information Science;Human brain;Information searching;Brain-Centerd approaches;Neuroscience-Related approaches;
 Cited by
Appleyard, B. (2011). The brain is wider than the sky: why simple solutions don't work in a complex world. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

Carr, N. (2010). The shallows: how the Internet is changing the way we think, read and remember. London: Atlantic Books.

Csikszentmihaly, M. (1990). Flow: the psychology of optimal expression. New York: Harper and Row.

Eagleman, D. (2011). Incognito: the secret lives of the brain. Edinburgh: Canongate.

Edelman, G. (2006). Second nature: brain science and human knowledge. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Floridi, L. (2010). Information: a very short introduction. Oxford: University Press.

Gay, V. (2009). Neuroscience and religion: brain, mind, self and soul. Lanham MA: Lexington Books.

Goldblum, N. (2001). The brain-shaped mind: what the brain can tell us about the mind. Cambridge:University Press.

Gleick, J. (2011). The information: a history, a theory, a flood. London: Fourth Estate.

Hick, J. (2006). The new frontier of religion and science: religious experience, neuroscience and the transcendent. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hood, B. (2009). Supersense: from superstition to religion - the brain science of belief. London:Constable.

Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow. London: Allen Lane.

Kuhlthau, C. (1991). Inside the search process: information seeking from the user's perspective. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(5), 361-371. crossref(new window)

Kwint, M., & Wingate, R. (2012). Brains: the mind as matter. London: Wellcome Collection.

Ledoux, J. (2002). Synaptic self: how our brains became who we are. London: Penguin.

Lehrer, J. (2012). How creativity works. Edinburgh: Canongate.

Ramachandran, V., & Blakeslee, S. (1999). Phantoms in the brain: human nature and the architecture of the mind. London: Fourth Estate.

Ramachandran, V. (2004). A brief history of human consciousness: from impostor poodles to purple numbers. New York: Pi Press.

Rose, S. (2006). The twenty-first century brain: explaining, mending and manipulating the mind. London: Vintage.

Scholl, J. D. (2009). Actions, reasons, neurons and causes. In: Gay, V. Ed. Neuroscience and religion:brain, mind, self and soul. Lanham MA: Lexington Books. pp. 175-198.

Seung, S. (2012). Connectome: how the brain's wiring makes us who we are. Boston MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Shannon, C., & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana IL: University of Illinois Press.

Shapiro, A. (2012). How can we redefine information in the age of social media? In: Riekert, W-F. and Simon, I. Eds. Information in e-Motion: Proceedings of BOBCATSSS 2012, Amsterdam, 23-25 January 2012. Bad Honnef: Bock and Herchen. pp. 19-23.

Tallis, R. (2011). Aping mankind: neuromania, darwinitis and the misrepresentation of humanity. Durham: Acumen.

Thaler, R., & Sunstein, C. (2008). Nudge: improving decisions about health, wealth and happiness. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Wilson, T. (2000). Human information behaviour. Informing science, 3(2), 49-56. Retrieved November 17, 2011 from

Winston, R. (2003). The human mind and how to make the most of it. London: Bantam Books.

Zimmer, C. (2005). Soul made flesh: the discovery of the brain and how it changed the world. London:Arrow Books.