Publisher : Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2016.21.1.103
Title & Authors
DESIGN OF A CENTRIFUGAL BLOOD PUMP FOR ECMO DEVICE THROUGH NUMERICAL ANALYSES Choi, S.; Hur, N.; Moshfeghi, M.; Kang, S.; Kim, W.; Kang, S.H.;
With the rapid increase in the number of patients with cardiopulmonary diseases, more cardiopulmonary circulatory assist devices are also needed. These devices can be employed when heart and/or lung function poorly. Due to the critical role they take, these devices have to be designed optimally from both mechanical and biomechanical aspects. This paper presents the CFD results of a baseline model of a centrifugal blood pump for the ECMO condition. The details of flow characteristics of the baseline model together with the performance curves and the modified index of hemolysis(MIH) are investigated. Then, the geometry of baseline impeller and the volute are modified in order to improve the biomechanical performance and reduce the MIH value. The numerical simulations of two cases represent that when impeller radius and prime volume decrease the MIH value also decreases. In addition, the modified geometry shows more uniform pressure distribution inside the volute. The findings provide valuable information for further modification and improvement of centrifugal blood pumps from both mechanical and biomechanical aspects.
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