Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Revision of Sajik Ritual System during the early Ming Dynasty and the Debates about National Sajik Altar Alteration during the early Joseon Dynasty
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of architectural history
  • Volume 24, Issue 5,  2015, pp.21-32
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Architectural History
  • DOI : 10.7738/JAH.2015.24.5.021
 Title & Authors
The Revision of Sajik Ritual System during the early Ming Dynasty and the Debates about National Sajik Altar Alteration during the early Joseon Dynasty
Baik, So-Hun;
  PDF(new window)
Sajik, the altar of land and grain was treated as one of the most important national ritual facilities by the Joseon dynasty and the Ming dynasty because it symbolized the legitimacy of a dynasty, and its architectural ordonnance was arranged strictly by the government. But when the Joseon government considered to reconstruct its national Sajik altar in Hanyang during the Sejong period, they found the new architectural ordonnance for local Sajik altars recorded in "Hongwulizhi(洪武禮制)" had been published by the Ming government was hard to adopt, because it was too narrow and totally different from the traditional style. Above all things, they doubt of there was other architectural ordonnance for kingdoms, not for local governments. King Sejong ordered to investigate the origin form and former examples, and tried to get other ritual documents of authority published by the Ming government such as "Damingjili(大明集禮)". After several academic researches and intense debates, they decided to create a new architectural ordonnance for their national Sajik altar, its form was in accord with the traditional style and its size was in accord with the new ordonnance. But they did not know there had already been the architectural ordonnance for the kingdom in the Ming dynasty. Because the first emperor of the Ming dynasty had changed its Sajik ritual system several times, even the whole country of the Ming dynasty also had gone through chaos on this issue even after his death. Consequentially, the official documentation works had been made partially, there was no a complete document on this issue even in the Ming government.
Sajik altar;Architectural ordonnance;The Joseon Dynasty;The Ming Dynasty;
 Cited by
[朝鮮] The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty(朝鮮王朝實錄)

[朝鮮] Xin, Suk-ju ed., GukjoOryeui(國朝五禮儀), 1474

[朝鮮] Guk J o Bo Gam(國朝寶鑑), 1909

[戰國] Zhou Li(周禮), Beijing: Zhongzhouguji press, 2011

[宋] Zhu, Xi(朱熹), Mei An Xian Sheng Wen Gong Wen J i(晦庵先生朱文公文潗) , Beijing: Chinese national library press, 2006

[元] Tuo, Yin(脱因), Zhi Shun Zhen J iang Zhi(至顺镇江志)

[明] Emperor of the Ming Dynasty record(明實錄), Taibei: Institute of history and philosophy, academia sinica, 1966

[明] Zhang, Xi(張卥), "Huang Ming Zhi Shu(皇明制書)" Xu Xiu Si Ku Quan Shu(續修四庫全書) , Shanghai: Shanghaiguji press, 2013

[明] Xu, Yi-kui(徐一夔), Da Ming J i Li(大明集禮)

[明] Da Ming Hui Dian(大明會典)

[明] Zhu, Qin(朱勤), Wang Guo Dian Li(王國典禮)

[明] Yu, Nv-zhi(俞汝楫), Li Bu Zhi Gao(禮部志稿)

[明] Zhong, Fang(鐘芳), Jun Xi Wen Ji(筠溪文集)

[淸] Ji, Huangi(嵇璜), Qin Ding Xu Tong Zhii(欽定續通志)

[淸] Qin, Hui-tian(秦蕙田), Wu Li Tong Kao(五禮通考)

Han, Hyeng-Ju, A study on the national sacrificialrites in the early Joseon period(朝鮮初期國家祭禮硏究) , Seoul: Ilchokak, 2002

Kim, Hae-yong, A study on the sacrificial rites in the early Joseon period(朝鮮初期祭祀典禮硏究) , Seoul: Jipmoondang, 2003

Zhang, Ji-yong, "Formation of the Institution of Ha M.A. thesesnseong Capital city's Sajik-danAltar in the early days of Joseon, and its meaning", The Journal of Seoul Studies Vol. 43 Summer, 2011 p.103-148

Ya, Bai-yang(亞白楊), The research on the architecture of the temple of Sehji, Beijing(北京社稷建築硏究), Tianjin Univ., 2005

Bao, Zhi-yu(包誌禹), Research on city shape and architectural ordonnance of Beizhili's prefecture, department and county in Ming dynasty(明代北直隸城市平面形態與建築規制硏究), Tsinghua Univ., 2009

Joeng, Kyong-hee, A study on the ritual institution and the ritual science in the former Chosun dynasty, Seoul Univ., 2000

Kang, Jae-moon, Review on the first appendix "five rites" of Sejong-chronicle in Joseon, The Review of Korean History Vol.107 September, 2012 p.169-227