Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Characteristics of Gwanghwamun reconstruction in the 1960's
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of architectural history
  • Volume 24, Issue 6,  2015, pp.45-55
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Architectural History
  • DOI : 10.7738/JAH.2015.24.6.045
 Title & Authors
The Characteristics of Gwanghwamun reconstruction in the 1960's
Kang, Nan-hyoung; Song, In-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
After the Korean war, two major attempts were made to reconstruct Gwanghwamun Gate as an important part of Korea's lost cultural heritage. In December 2006, the Korean government replaced the concrete gate with a wooden one, yet traces of the attempts made in the 1960s to transform Gwanghwamun Gate and the main road remain to this day. At the time, the Third Republic of Korea, sought to legitimize itself in the name of modernity, and went on to modernize the architecture and urban landscape of Seoul. The location and design selected for the rebuilt Gwanghwamun illustrated the symbolic relationship between historic heritage and urban development. The reconstruction of the gate began as part of the Third Republic's project to restore the Central Administration Building and culminated in the transformation of the main road in front of the gate. By reconstructing the traditional gate using concrete, the military government intended to convey the message that we could inherit our proud tradition using modern materials, and that we should actively adopt the new technologies of the modern era. This study begins with the premise that the Gwanghwamun reconstruction project of 1968 represents the application of new technological thinking to Korea's architectural style, and has two objectives. The first is to summarize the reconstruction process and method using the records and drawings from the 1968 project, which was then under the leadership of architect Kang Bong-jin. The second is to analyze the characteristics of the architectural style and structure of the reconstructed Gwanghwamun so as to reinterpret the relationship between Korean tradition and modern technology.
Gyeongbokgung Palace in Seoul;Reconstruction of Gwanghwamun;Kang, Bong-jin;Typology and Style;Traditional beauty and Measurement;Individual unit and Construction method;Size and Proportion;
 Cited by
Kang, Bong-Jin, A Study on Gwang-hwamun Reconstruction, Architects, v3 no10,1968, pp57-63,

Kang, Bong-Jin, A Study on Gwang-hwamun Reconstruction, Architects, v.4 no.11,1969, pp.50-54,

Kang, Bong-Jin, Korean Traditional Weights and Measures, Architects, v3 no8, 1968, pp33-36

Kang, Bong-Jin, Cement and beauty, Korean cement trade megazine, no32, 1969, pp18-23

Kim, Ji-Hoon, The Present Preservation conditions of Korean Traditional Style Concrete Buildings in the 1970's, 忠北大學校産業大學院碩士學位論文, 2002

Chang, Pil-Gu, Architectural Activities at Changdeokgung Palace with the Downfall of the Dynasty in the First Half of 20th Century, Architecture. Diss. Seoul National University, 2014

Kang, Nan-Hyoung, Song, In-Ho, A study on a reconstruction of Gwanghwamun and fluctuation of boulevard in front of Gwanghwamun, Kaah, 2015

Jung, Jong-Soo, Research on Changes in Palace's Garden of Joseon Dynasty Focused on Gyeongbokgung Palace, 漢陽大學校環境大學院環境造景學碩士學位論文, 2004.

Seoul Press, Man Who Treats Concrete Like Dough, Sunday Seoul. Sunday Seoul, 1968.12. 8.

Kang, Nan-Hyoung, Transcripts of the oral testimonies of chief engineer Gu Il-ok(1),(2), 2015

The fifth Transcripts of the oral testimonies of Jang, Gi-in(張起仁 第5次 口述採錄文_模型과 實測章 實質的 思考), 2004.4.25.

Cultural Heritage Administration, the Report on the Reconstruction of the Gwanghwamun Area around Gyeongbokgung Palace(景福宮光化門圈域重建報告書), 2011

Cultural Heritage Administration, the Report on the Excavation and Analysis of Relics of Gyeongbokgung Palace(景福宮 發掘調査報告書:光化門地, 月臺地, 御道地), 2011

Cultural Heritage Administration, 景福宮 變遷史(上), 2007

Gevork hartoonian, Ontology of construction, 2008

久皇實關係法令 & 財産目錄集(1992)