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The Characteristics of Gwanghwamun reconstruction in the 1960's
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  • Journal title : Journal of architectural history
  • Volume 24, Issue 6,  2015, pp.45-55
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Architectural History
  • DOI : 10.7738/JAH.2015.24.6.045
 Title & Authors
The Characteristics of Gwanghwamun reconstruction in the 1960's
Kang, Nan-hyoung; Song, In-Ho;
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 Abstract
After the Korean war, two major attempts were made to reconstruct Gwanghwamun Gate as an important part of Korea's lost cultural heritage. In December 2006, the Korean government replaced the concrete gate with a wooden one, yet traces of the attempts made in the 1960s to transform Gwanghwamun Gate and the main road remain to this day. At the time, the Third Republic of Korea, sought to legitimize itself in the name of modernity, and went on to modernize the architecture and urban landscape of Seoul. The location and design selected for the rebuilt Gwanghwamun illustrated the symbolic relationship between historic heritage and urban development. The reconstruction of the gate began as part of the Third Republic's project to restore the Central Administration Building and culminated in the transformation of the main road in front of the gate. By reconstructing the traditional gate using concrete, the military government intended to convey the message that we could inherit our proud tradition using modern materials, and that we should actively adopt the new technologies of the modern era. This study begins with the premise that the Gwanghwamun reconstruction project of 1968 represents the application of new technological thinking to Korea's architectural style, and has two objectives. The first is to summarize the reconstruction process and method using the records and drawings from the 1968 project, which was then under the leadership of architect Kang Bong-jin. The second is to analyze the characteristics of the architectural style and structure of the reconstructed Gwanghwamun so as to reinterpret the relationship between Korean tradition and modern technology.
 Keywords
Gyeongbokgung Palace in Seoul;Reconstruction of Gwanghwamun;Kang, Bong-jin;Typology and Style;Traditional beauty and Measurement;Individual unit and Construction method;Size and Proportion;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
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