Design of a Vehicle-Mounted GPS Antenna for Accurate Positioning

Title & Authors
Design of a Vehicle-Mounted GPS Antenna for Accurate Positioning
Pham, Nu; Chung, Jae-Young;

Abstract
The capability of accurate positioning and tracking is necessary to implement an unmanned autonomous driving system. The moving-baseline GPS Technique is a promising candidate to mitigate positioning errors of conventional GPS system. It provides accurate positioning data based on the phase difference between received signals from multiple GPS antennas mounted on the same platform. In this paper, we propose a dual-band dual-circularly-polarized antenna suitable for the moving-baseline GPS. The proposed antenna operates at GPS L1 and L2 bands, and fed by the side of the antenna instead of the bottom. The antenna is firstly designed by calculating theoretical values of key parameters, and then optimized by means of 3D full-wave simulation software. Simulation and measurement results show that the optimized antenna offers 6.1% and 3.7% bandwidth at L1 and L2, respectively, with axial ratio bandwidth of more than 1%. The size of the antenna is $\small{73mm{\times}73mm{\times}6.4mm}$, which is small and low-profile.
Keywords
Global Navigation System;Differential Global Positioning System;Microstrip Antenna;Dual-Band;Axial Ratio;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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