Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Inclusive Institution on Economic Development : Focus on the institutionalization of the game industry in Korea and Germany
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Korea Game Society
  • Volume 15, Issue 5,  2015, pp.57-78
  • Publisher : Korea Game Society
  • DOI : 10.7583/JKGS.2015.15.5.57
 Title & Authors
Effect of Inclusive Institution on Economic Development : Focus on the institutionalization of the game industry in Korea and Germany
Seok, Seung-Hye; Shryu, Seung-Hoo;
  PDF(new window)
This Study is the effect of the inclusive institution on a nation's economic development. Therefore, we focused on the gaming industry as an index that can drive the economic growth in the future. The reason to compare the game institution in South Korea and Germany is that both countries began to develop the game by the State, but the game institution in South Korea and Germany at the present time are sharply opposed, because the institutions can focus on the main points that are experiencing this difference. The results of this study, first, open/closed network in institutionalized aspect affects the social status of the game. This second, game workers in the legal institution has been classified as artists in Germany, as addicts in South Korea. And, Germany also has incentives to creators protected profits reinvested in the gaming industry, Korea leads to punitive exploitation is being transferred to the group for addiction treatment that revenue. Third, this exclusive and inclusive institutional system could affect the stable growth of the game market. As a result, South Korea's state institutions will notice that you get a result away from opportunities for economic development due to the loss of inclusiveness.
Game;Inclusive institution;network;Creativity;
 Cited by
Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J. A., & Woren, D. trans. Wan-Gyu, Choi. "Why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity and poverty", SiGongSa, 2014.

Seong-wook Hong. "Technological Determinism and Its Critics : Studies in the Historiography of the Relationship between Technology and Social Changes during the 20th Century", The Journal of Western History, Vol. 49, pp. 7-39, 2013.

Wallerstein, I. "World-systems analysis" Social theory today, pp. 309-324, 1987.

Leipziger, Danny M.(ed.), Lessons from East Asia. The University of Michigan Prss, 1997.

Vogel, Ezra F. 1990. The Four Little Dragons: The Spread of Internationalization in East Asia. Harvard University Press, 1990.

Deyo, Frederic C, Beneath the Miracle: Labor Subordination in the New Asia Industrialism, University of California Press, 1989.

Min-ho Gung. "A Comparative Study of East Asian newly industrializing the industrial structure," Comparative Society, Vol. 2, pp.89-147, 1998

North, D. C. "Institutions, institutional change and economic performance", Cambridge university press, 1990.

Knack, S. and P. Keefer, "Institutions and Economic Performance : Cross-Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures," Economics and Politics, 제7권, 제3호, pp.207-227, 1995. crossref(new window)

Seung-hee Jwha, "Evolutionary theory conglomerates," BiBong, 1998.

Gu-muk Chae, Cheol-ju Kim. "Redistributive policies and economic growth: the level of income redistribution and economic growth and relationship analysis of the OECD 17 countries," Korean Journal of Sociology, Vol. 42, No. 5, pp.1-30, 2008.

Chil-Woo Lee, "South Korea's social welfare policies and economic growth: the efficiency with respect to the essential achievements of the social welfare system," Peace Studies, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp.5-45, 2003.

Seung-hee Jwha, Seung-joon Park, Sang-ho Kim, Jung-sik Shryu, Jong-chan Lee, Soon-whon Jung, "Institutinal Revolution and Direction in Korea", Korea Economic Research Institute, 2001.

Al i Ifzal, J. Z., "Inclusive Growth toward a Prosperous Asia: Policy Implications." Economics and Research Development, Working Paper Series 97, 2007.

Il-Young Lee, "A Research Note on Theories of Institutional Environment in New Institutional Economics ." Journal of Korean Social Trend and Perspective, Vol. 73, pp.265-293.

Hyun-Woo Gu, "Developing countries, the gestation autonomy, and institutional ontological implications." Korean Society and Public Administration, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.145-178, 2009.

Min-ho Gung. "Korean Economic Crisis and Developmental State Model ." Society and Theory, Vol. 13, pp.213-249, 2008. crossref(new window)

Yong-Ok Sin. "Conglomerates, dark past hidden in the growing myth." History opens tomorrow, Vol. 31, pp.29-42, 2008.

Deongn-yul Hong. "Jaebeol's Power. Past, Present and Future." Critical Review of History, Vol. 77, pp.95-117, 2006.

Moon-Jo Kim. Confusion civilization Theory. NaNam, 2013.

Do-Sam La, Yeon-Sil Park, Min-Geun O, Youn-Seok Woo. "Significance and practice of creative cities." Studies of City, Vol. 317, pp.2-18, 2008.

Florida, R., Cities and the Creative Class, New York: Routledge, 2005.

Florida, R. trans. Gil-Tae Lee, Creative Class: Those who led the creative changes, Electronic Newspaper, 2002.

DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. "The new institutionalism in organizational analysis", Vol. 17. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Covaleski, M. A., & Dirsmith, M. W. "An institutional perspective on the rise, social transformation, and fall of a university budget category", Administrative Science Quarterly, pp. 562-587. 1988.

Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. "Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony", American journal of sociology, pp. 340-363. 1977.

Hyun-Chul Park. "Economic Calculation of Government Action : The Root Cause of Government Failure". Journal of institution & Economy. Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 93-111, 2009.

Kyu-Jeong Hham, Wi-Seok Yun, kyeong-hwan Kim, Eun-Hwan Kim. "The Effects of an Institutional Environment and a Technical Environment on Decision Process Rationality," Korean Journal of Human Resources Development, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2004.

Mun-gyo Seo, Seon-hae Hyeon. "The Influences of Institutional Environments and Strategy Resources on Organizational Performance : Mediated by Organizational Legitimacy", Korean Review of Organizational Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 131-160, 2011. crossref(new window)

Johnson, C. "Political institutions and economic performance: the government-business relationship in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan," The political economy of the new Asian industrialism, Vol.136, 1987.

Kyue-jeong Hahm, Wi-seok Yun, Kyong-wan Kim, Eun-hwan Kim. "The Effects of an Institutional Environment and a Technical Environment on Decision Process Rationality", Journal of Korean HRD Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 27-63, 2004.

Wade, R. Governing the market: Economic theory and the role of government in East Asian industrialization, Princeton University Press, 1990.

Amsden, A. H. Asia's next giant: South Korea and late industrialization, Oxford University Press, 1992.

Granovetter, M. "Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness," American journal of sociology, Vol. 91, No. 3, pp. 481-510, 1985. crossref(new window)

Buchanan, J. M., & Tullock, G.,. The calculus of consent, Vol. 3. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1962.

March, J. and Olson, J. "The New Institutionalism: Organizational Factors in Political Life," American Political Science Review, Vol. 78, pp.734-749, 1984. crossref(new window)

Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. A., "Institutions as a fundamental cause of long-run growth." Handbook of economic growth, Vol. 1, pp.385-472, 2005.

North, D. C., "Understanding the process of economic change," In Forum Series on the Role of Institutions in Promoting Economic Growth, pp.1-21, 2003.

Hyeong-jung Park. "Towards a Political Analysis of Markets in North Korea," Korean Political Science Review, Vol. 46, No. 5, pp.207-224, 2012. crossref(new window)

Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. A. Persistence of power, elites and institutions, No. w12108, National Bureau of Economic Research, 2006.

Nanami. Siono. Trans. Dow-young Chang. "The story of city on the ocean", Hanguilsa, 2002.

North, D. C., Wallis, J. J., & Weingast, B. R, "Violence and the rise of open-access orders," Journal of Democracy, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp.55-68, 2009.

Boschma, R. A., & Fritsch, M. "Creative class and regional growth: Empirical evidence from seven European countries," Economic Geography, Vol. 85, No. 4, pp.391-423, 2009. crossref(new window)

Wojan, T. R., Lambert, D. M., & McGranahan, D. A., "Emoting with their feet: Bohemian attraction to creative milieu," Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp.711-736, 2007. crossref(new window)

Rushton, M. "The Creative Class and Urban Economic Growth Revisited," Paper Prepared for the 14th International Conference of the Association for Cultural Economics International, Vienna, Austria, pp.6-9, 2006.

Moretti, E., Trans. Chol-bok Song. "The New Geography of Jobs", Kimyoungsa. 2014.

Hae-Ok Choi, Man-Hyung Lee. "Dynamic Relationship in Creative Manpower, R&D Technology Level, and Tolerance in the Culture Industry", Korean System Dynamics Review. Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 81-103, 2009.

Benkler, Y. Eun-Chang Choi trans. The Wealth of Network: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, CommunicationBooks, 2015.

Hong-jun Rhryu, In-tae Jeong. "New Economic sociology", Sungkyunkwan University Press, 2011.

Berger, P. & Luckmann, T. "The social construction of knowledge: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge", Open Road Media: Soho, NY, USA, 1966.

Friedland, R. O., & Robertson, A. F. "Beyond the marketplace: rethinking economy and society", Transaction Publishers, 1990.

Moore, B. "Social origins of democracy and dictatorship", Boston: Beacon, 1966.

Collins, R. "Functional and conflict theories of educational stratification", American Sociological Review, pp. 1002-1019, 1971.

Bourdieu, P., trans. Tea-Wan Ha. Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field, DongMoonSun, 1999.

Dong-il, Kim. "Danto vs. Bourdieu: Two Different Gazes on Artworld", KJCS. Vol .6, pp.107-159, 2009.

O-Hyun Gwon. "Detective Fiction As Literature Outside of the Boundary and the Appearance of 'Legendary' Blogger ." Korean Journal of Cultural Sociology, Vol. 17, pp.119-164, 2014.

Banjamin, W., trans. Sung-Man Choi, "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: A small history of photography," Gil Publisher, 2007.

Baudelaire. C., trans. Woo-Ryong Kim, "Photos and text: from the invention of photos to digital pictures," NoonBit Publisher. 2006.

Newhall, B., trans. Jin-Kook Joung. A History of Photos, Youlhwadang Publisher, 2003.

Young-Beak Kim, "Issues on Photography in Art History : Debates on Photographic Identity in Relation to 'Art'." Studies of Art History, Vol. 20, pp.311-342, 2006.

Kesting, Marianne., trans. Young-Joon Lee, "Photos of dictatorship: ranging from those overwhelmed in imitation of art." NoonBit Publisher, 1994.

Freund, Gisele. trans. Wan-Kyung Sung, Photos and Society. NoonBit Publisher, 2006.

Sang-jung Han, "Les conditions prealables pour l'activisation de la region a travers le festival international de la bande dessinee: autour d'analyse comparative du festival regional en Coree et en France." Revue d'Etudes francaises, Vol. 83, pp.441-457, 2013.

Soo-Jin Lee. "Etude sur les projets artistiques et culturels du festival international de la bande dessinee a Angouleme." Etudes de la Culture Francaise et de Arts en France, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp.179-199, 2007.

Wan-Kyung Seung, "Introduction a la bande dessinee francophone et son reception en Coree." Etudes de la Culture Francaise et de Arts en France, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.143-176, 2004.

Kyu-Sik. Lee. "Etude sur l',industrie de la B.D. a Angouleme et son renouvellement urbain, Revue D'etudes Franco-Coreennes", Vol. 41. pp. 249-271, 2007.

Jun-Hyoung Cho. "An Overview of the Screen Quota Debate", The Journal of Image & Film Studies. Vol. 9, pp. 51-82, 2006. crossref(new window)

Shiner, L., trans. Joung-Ran Kim. The Birth of Art, Dulnyouk Publishing House, 2007.

Schmidt, S. J., trans. Yeo-Seong Park, Constructivist systems theory literature, Book World Publisher. 2004

KOCCA, 2013, CT Issue PaperII: Artification of the game? Gamification of art? Now even the arts world game, Vol. 32, 2013.

Pratt, Charles J. The Art History of Games? Games As Art May Be A Lost Cause. Gamasutra. February 2010.

Jenkins, H. "Games, the new lively art." Handbook of computer game studies, pp.175-189, 2005.

Sin-Gyu Kwang, Bo-ra Na, Keun-seo park, Sang-woo Park, Dong-yeon Lee, Tae-jin Yoon, Seol-hui Lee, Eun-ha Cho, Jae-won Joo, Joon-seok Heo. "Game of phobia", Communicationbooks. 2013.

Crampton, Thomas. "For France, Video Games Are as Artful as Cinema." New York Times. 2 November 2006.

Jong-Hyun Park, "Violent Video Game and Freedom of Arts and Expression in the U.S. Supreme Court." Public Law Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp.144-162, 2014.

Jong-Hyun Park, "The History of Judicial Review of the U.S. Federal Courts on Violent Video Game Regulation Acts ", Dankook Law Riview, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp.256-257, 2012.

Interactive Digital Software Association, The first Amendment and the media,, 2002.

Sa-Hyok Kim, Hye-kung Yim, Jin-Hyoung Joo. German IT Vision 2015: "Living Tomorrow", Korean Telecommunications Policy Review, Vol. 17, No. 21, pp.1-23. 2005.


You-Jin Hong, "study on establishment of socio-political legitimacy in legislative process of the cultural industry : based on dynamics of parties involved and resource mobilization strategy in the regulative legislation of game industry," Ewha University, 2013.

KOCCA, Activate the game industry investment forum: Korea Game Industry Investment Status and Outlook, KOCCA, 2007.

Dong-Yeon Lee, Gi-Hoo Han, Youn-Jong Lee. Who dominates the cultural capital: an exclusive structure of the Korea Cultural Industry, Culture and Science Publisher, 2015.

Seung-Nam Cho, Saet-ppyeol Choi, Seung-Hye Seok, Gi-young Lee, Min-Soo Choi, Analysis of Korean game industry platform-specific distribution channels and billing systems, KOCCA, 2006.

Young-yoo Kim. "A Study on the Contents Policy in German for the Human Resources development system : Focus on the design Industry", KOCCA Research Report, pp. 12-33, 2012.


Jong-Sun Choi. "A study on review of media product harmful to juveniles between S. Korea and Germany", Journal of hongik law review, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 303-334. 2014. crossref(new window)

Ye-bit Jang, Hye-rim Lee, Min-chul Kim, Seung-Hoo Shryu, Ui-jun Jeong. "Effects of Parenting Attitude and Youth's Subjective Class Identification on Game Addiction", Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 53-64, 2013. crossref(new window)


the Legislation and Judiciary Committee,

Ji-sun Choi. "Protecting Game Developers Under the Works-for-hire Clause of Copyright Law", Journal of Korea Game Society, Vol. 11. No. 4, pp. 73-91, 2011.

Yong-Ho Jang, Won-Jo Jeong. "Knowledge Ecological Approach to Emergence of Korean Online-game Industry," Journal of Korea Game Society, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp.79-91, 2011.

Jung-Min Go, Moon-Mo Gu, Si-Bom Kim, Young-Jae Kim. "Discussion For Virtuous Circle Structure of Content Industry," Humanities Contents, Vol. 27, pp.27-52, 2012.

Yeon-Jeong Lee, "The Inter Industrial Competency Analysis of Game Industry and Character Industry," Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society. Vol. 16, pp.1187-1204, 2013.



PWC. "Business model background paper", PWC, 2013.

KOCCA. "Korea Game Industry White Paper", KOCCA. 2008-2013.

Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Korean game industry related companies can and Workforce, 2006. 10. 27.