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Phytoplankton as Standard Test Species for Marine Ecotoxicological Evaluation
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 Title & Authors
Phytoplankton as Standard Test Species for Marine Ecotoxicological Evaluation
Park Gyung-Soo; Lee Sang-Hee; Lee Seung-Min;
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A series of experiments was conducted to identify the potential of five phytoplankton species as standard test species for marine ecotoxicological tests. The candidate phytoplankton species are Skeletonema costatum, Heterosigma akashiwo, Prorocentrum micans, Isochrysis galbana, and Tetraselmis suecica. Salinity tolerance and sensitivity on potassium dichromate as a reference material were identified. Toxicity of eleven ocean dumped sewage sludges and four red tide expellent extracts were estimated by the inhibition of population growth rates (PGR) of marine diatom S. costatum, While most species revealed relatively weak tolerance on salinity, T. suecica demonstrated the highest salinity tolerance ranged from psu and the others psu. H. akashiwo revealed the highest sensitivity as 72h =0.76mg/L and T. suecica the lowest as 72h =8.89mg/L on potassium dichromate. Sludge extracts from industrial waste, domestic sewage and livestock farm waste sludge showed high toxicity as 72h < and lowest toxicity from filtration bed sludge as 72h = NOEC (No Observed Effective Concentration) of sludge extract ranged from < to and this indicated high phytotoxicity of ocean dumped sewage sludge. The test sensitivity of phytoplankton PGR inhibition was much higher than those of marine rotifer Brachionus plicatilis mortality test and bioluminescent inhibition test by marine bacteria Vibrio fischeri, and comparable with the sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus intermedius) fertilization test. As a result the phytotoxicity test using phytoplankton PGR inhibition () must be a useful tool for marine phyto-toxicological evaluation of ocean dumped materials.
Phytoplankton;Ecotoxicity;Bioassay;Salinity;tolerance;Sewage sludge;Skeletonema costatum;Heterosigma akashiwo;Prorocentrum micans;
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