Advanced SearchSearch Tips
An Experimental Study on Bacterial Adhesion onto Activated Carbon and Ceramic
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
An Experimental Study on Bacterial Adhesion onto Activated Carbon and Ceramic
Kwon Sung-Hyun; Cho Dae-Chul; Rhee In-Hyoung;
  PDF(new window)
The microbial adsorption characteristics of two different media for biological treatment were studied using attached diverse microbes onto activated carbon and ceramic. The results in the experiments of the characteristics of physical adhesion on two different media with addition of high and low concentrated substrate in the culture were observed that the efficient of adhesion onto F-400 activated carbon was higher over that of ceramic due to the surface area of media. The irradiation treatment by ultrasonication with 400 W power and 3 min retention time on the media without addition substrate conditions and subsequent mixing throughly the culture showed the highest efficiency of cell detachment on the media. Three different microbes, P. ovalis, A calcoaceticus, and B. subtillis were used for the study of the characteristics of microbial adhesion on the media. p ovalis showed the highest adhesion capability while B. subtillis showed the lowest capability adhesion onto media either addition of substrate in the culture. The mixed bacterial culture showed lower removal efficiency of DOC in the low concentrated substrate culture compared to the single pure culture. Whileas, it did not show significant difference between two cultures at high concentrated substrate. It was also observed same population density of microorganism by counting of microbes adhered to microbial media with an ultrasound treatment.
Activated carbon;Ceramic Adhesion;Counting;
 Cited by
Van der Kooij, D., 1978, Investigation concerning the relation between microorganisms and adsorption processes in granular activated carbon filters, presented at the Oxidation Techniques in Drinking Water Treatment

Cairo, P. R., J. McElhaney and I. H. Suffet, 1979, Pilot plant testing of activated carbon adsorption systems, Journal American Water Works Association, 71, 660-673

Camper, A. K., S. C. Broadaway, M. W. LeChevallier and G. A. McFeters, 1987, Operational variablesand the release of colonized granulal activated carbon particles in drinking water, Journal American Water Works Association, 79, 70-74

AWWA, 1981, An assessment of microbial activaty on GAC, Journal American Water Works Association, 73, 447-454

Maloney, S. W., 1984, Bacterial TOC removal on sand and BAC, Journal American Society of Civil Engineers, 110, 519-533

Voice, T. C., D. Pak, X. Zhao, J. Shi and R. F. Hickey, 1992, Biological activated carbon in fluidized bed reators for the treatment of ground water contaminated with volatile aromatic hydrocarbons, Water Research, 26, 1389-1401 crossref(new window)

Li, A. Y. L. and A. DiGiano, 1983, Availability of sorbed substrate for microbial degradation on GAC, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 55, 392-399

Yagi, M., S. Nakashima and S. Muramoto, 1988, Biological degradation of musty odor compound, 2-methyl isoborneol and geosmin, in a bio-activated carbon filter, Water Science and Technology, 20, 255-260

Speitel, G. E. and F. A. DiGiano, 1989, Biodegradation and adsorption of a bisolute mixture in GAC columns, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 61, 221-229

Rice, R. G., G. W. Miller, C. M. Robson and W. Kuhn, 1978, Carbon adsorption hand book, Cheremisinoff, P. N., F. Ann Arbor, Science Press, 485pp

Gardner, D. A., M. T. Suidan and H. A. Kobayashi, 1988, Role of GAC activity and particle size during the fluidized anaerobic teatment of stripper bottom, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 60, 503-513

Rollinger, Y. and W. Dott, 1987, Survival of selected bacterial species in sterilized activated carbon filter and biological activated carbon filter, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 53, 777-781

Parsons, F., 1980, Bacterial populations in granular activated carbon beds and their effluents, Unpublished report, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH

Camper, A. K., M. W. LeChevallier, S. C. Broadaway and G. A. McFeters, 1986, Bacteria associated with granular activated carbon particles in drinking water, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 52, 434-438

Brewer, W. S. and W. W. Carmichael, 1979, Microbial characterization of granular activated carbon filter systems, Journal American Water Works Association, 71, 738-740

Tobin, R. S., D. K. Smith and J. A, Lindsay, 1981, Effects of activated carbon and bacteriostatic filters on microbiological quality of drinking water, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 41, 646-651

AWWA, Research and Technical Practice Committee on Organic Contaminants, 1981, An assessment of microbial actinaty on GAC, Journal American Water Works Association, 73, 447-454

Bourbigot, M. M., A. Dodin and R. Lheritier, 1982, Limiting bacterial aftergrowth in distribution systems by removing biodegradable organics, Proceedings of the American Water Works Association Annual Conference, Miami Beach, Florida

Pascal, O., J. C. Joret, L. Y. Levi and T. Dupin, 1986, Bacterial aftergrowth in drinking water networks measuring biodegradable organic carbon, Presented at the Ministere de l'Environment/US Environmental Protection Agency Franco-American Seminar, October, 13-17, Cincinnati

Rittmann, B. E. and V. L. Snoeyink, 1984, Achieving biologically stable drinking water, Journal American Water Works Association, 76, 106-144

Davies, D. G. and G. A. McFeters, 1988, Growth and comparative physiology of Klebsiella oxytoca attached to GAC particles and in liquid media, Microbial Ecology, 15, 165-175 crossref(new window)

LeChevallier, M. W., T. S. Hassenauer, A. K. Camper and G. A. McFeters, 1984, Disinfection of bacteria attached to granular activated carbon, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 42, 159-167