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First report on Gonyaulax polygramma (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) blooms in the Yeosu waters of the South Sea of Korea
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 Title & Authors
First report on Gonyaulax polygramma (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) blooms in the Yeosu waters of the South Sea of Korea
Cho Eun-Seob;
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 Abstract
The aim of this study is to determine the outbreaks of nontoxic Gonyaulax polygramma Stein in Yeosu waters in place of harmful Cochlodinium polykrikoides Margalef, which has occurred annually in the same region since 1995. The observation of cellular arrangement and structure by electron microscopy showed that G. polygramma isolated from Yeosu waters had a few spines connecting with membranes and prominent longitudinal ridges on the cell surface, with a cingular displacement 1.5 times their cell width. Furthermore, the location of the nucleus was posterior of large oval formation according to electron microscopy. On 6 August, 2004, the first bloom of G. polygramma occurred, the date of its disappearance was with a maximum cell density of 8,000 cells on 21 August, 2004. During the period of this study, the horizontal distribution of sea water temperature and salinity showed a strong coastal front, whereas the front of DIN (Dissolved Inorganic Nitrogen) was significantly different between the occurrence and disappearance of G. polygramma blooms. These results suggested that the process of the breakdown of stratification by wind and a low level of inorganic nitrogen play important roles in the rapid growth of G. polygramma, which is associated with a greater robustness in growth against DIN than that of C. polykrikoides in nature.
 Keywords
Cochlodinium polykrikoides;DIN;Front;Gonyaulax polygramma;Outbreak;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
2007-2009년 남해안 적조발생 및 적조 미발생에 관한 비교 연구,조은섭;

해양환경안전학회지, 2010. vol.16. 1, pp.31-41
2.
분자 모니터링을 이용한 서낙동강과 남해 연안 플랑크톤 군집 분석,김보경;이상래;이진애;정익교;

한국해양학회지:바다, 2010. vol.15. 1, pp.25-35
3.
2009년 남해안 전역에 발생된 고니아룩스 적조에 관한 연구,조은섭;

Journal of Environmental Science International, 2011. vol.20. 12, pp.1521-1531 crossref(new window)
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