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Photodegradation of Endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate in Aqueous Solution by UV Irradiation Only
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 Title & Authors
Photodegradation of Endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate in Aqueous Solution by UV Irradiation Only
Ryoo, Keon-Sang; Kim, Mi-Hyang; Lee, Hwa-Sung; Hwang, Hyun-Gick;
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Photodegradation of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate known as the most toxic substance among organochlorine pesticides by UV irradiation was studied at experimental conditions such as different pH aqueous solution and reaction time. The initial concentration of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate in aqueous solution was 500 ppb, respectively. The experiment of photodegradation was conducted in a quartz reactor equipped with a low pressure mercury lamp (100 W, 240 nm). The samples were withdrawn from the photo reactor at intervals of 0, 10 min, 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, and 4 hr. Endosulfan sulfate was never hydrolyzed and photodegraded in wide range of pH. At pH 5 and reaction time (240 min), endosulfan alpha was photodegraded up to 67%. Both endosulfan alpha and beta were started to photodegrade at pH 6.5 with the lapse of time, resulting in approximately 99.9% and 87.2% of photodegradation efficiency, respectively. Furthermore, at pH 9, endosulfan alpha and beta was partially hydrolyzed and photodegraded to 99.5% at 120 min of reaction time. During the photolysis, any photo-products of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate were not observed.
Photodegradation;UV irradiation;Endosulfan alpha;Endosulfan beta;Endosulfan sulfate;
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