Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Estimation and Characteristics of Atmospheric Deposition Flux of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) into the Masan and Haengam Areas of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Estimation and Characteristics of Atmospheric Deposition Flux of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) into the Masan and Haengam Areas of Korea
Lee Su-Jeong; Moon Hyo-Bang; Choi Min-kyu;
  PDF(new window)
Atmospheric bulk (wet and dry) samples were monthly collected in Masan and Heangam areas of Korea, to assess the deposition flux and seasonal variation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Deposition fluxes of PAHs in bulk samples were determined using gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometer detector (GC/MSD). Particle deposition fluxes from Masan and Haengam areas varied from 13 to and from 5 to , respectively. PAHs deposition fluxes in atmospheric bulk samples in Masan and Haengam areas ranged from 135 to and from 62.2 to , respectively. Atmospheric deposition fluxes of particles and PAHs in this study were comparable to or slightly lower values than those from different locations in Korea and other countries. PAHs profiles of atmospheric deposition bulk samples showed slightly different from two sampling areas, however the predominant species of PAHs were similar. Indeno (1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, phenanthrene compounds were the most detected PAHs in deposition bulk samples. Carcinogenic PAHs occupied the contribution of approximately of the total PAHs deposition fluxes. The non-metric multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) was used, to assess the differentiation of PAHs source between two sampling areas. The result suggests that PAHs contamination sources were different according to the location and season surveyed. There was no an apparent relationship between the PAHs deposition flux against temperature and rainfall amount, even though summer season with the highest temperature and the largest amount of precipitation showed the lowest PAHs deposition flux. Benzo(e)pyrene/benzo(a)pyrene ratio indicated that the photo-degradation process was one of important factors to the seasonal variation of PAHs with the lower deposition fluxes.
Atmospheric deposition flux;Bulk samples;PAHs;MDS;Photo-degradation process;
 Cited by
국내 PAHs 오염 우려지역의 환경 시료 중 PAHs 잔류량 모니터링,임종수;김성수;박동식;주진호;임춘근;허장현;

농약과학회지, 2007. vol.11. 2, pp.95-105
Eisler, R., 1987, Polycyclic aromatic hydro­carbons hazards to fish, wildlife, and inver­tebrates. U. S. fish and wildlife service, Wash­ington D. C. Biological Reports, 85pp

Wild, S. R. and K. C. Jones, 1995, Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the United Kingdom environment: A preliminary source inventory and budget, Environ. Pollut., 88, 91-108 crossref(new window)

Smith, D. J. T. and R. M. Harrison, 1996, Concentrations, trends and vehicle source pro­file of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in the U.K. atmosphere, Atmos. Environ., 30, 2513-2525 crossref(new window)

Halsall, C. J., L. A. Barrie, P. Fellin, D. C. G. Muir, B. N. Billeck, L. Lockhart, F. Y. Rovinsky, E. Y. Kononov and B. Pastukhov, 1997, Spatial and temporal variation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Arctic atmosphere, En­viron. Sci. Technol., 31, 3593-3599 crossref(new window)

Simcik, M. F., H. Zhang, S. J. Eisemeich and T. P. Franz, 1997, Urban contamination of the Chicago/Coastal Lake Michigan Lake by PCBs and PAHs during AEOLOS, Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 2141-2147 crossref(new window)

Bakker, M. I., B. Casado, J. W. Koerselman, J. Tolls and C. KolIOffel, 2000, Polycyclic ar­omatic hydrocarbons in soil and plant samples from the vicinity of an oil refinery, Sci. Total Environ., 263, 91-100 crossref(new window)

Hoff, R. M. and K. W. Chan, 1987, Measure­ment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air along the Nigara River, Environ. Sci. Technol., 21, 556-561 crossref(new window)

Knopp, D., M. Seifert, V. Vaananen and R. Niessner, 2000, Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in contaminated water and soil samples by immunological and chro­matographic methods, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 2035-2041 crossref(new window)

Yunker, M. B., L. R. Snowdon, R. W. Mac­donald, J. N. Smith, M. G. Fowler, D. N. Skibo, F. A. Mclaughlin, A. I. Danyushev­skaya, V. I. Petrova and G. I. Ivanov, 1996, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composition and potential sources for sediment samples from the Beaufort and Barents Seas, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30, 1310-1320 crossref(new window)

Fernandez, P., R. M. Vilanova, C. Martinez, P. Appleby and J. O. Grimalt, 2000, The histor­ical record of atmospheric pyrolytic pollution over Europe registered in the sedimentary PAH from remote mountain lake, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 1906-1913 crossref(new window)

IARC, 1987, lARC monographs on the evalua­tion of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans. Overall evaluation of carcinogenity: An updating of lAPC monographs volumes 1-42. Suppl. 7. International Agency for Re­search on Cancer, Lyon, Prance

Fernandes, M. B., M. A. Sicre, A. Boireau and J. Tronczynski, 1997, Hydrocarbon (PAHs) distributions in the Seine River and its es­tuary, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 34, 857-867 crossref(new window)

Garban, B., H. Balanchooud, A. Motelay­-Massei, M. Chevreuil and D. Ollivon, 2002, Atmospheric bulk deposition of PAHs on to France: Tends from urban to remote sites, Atmos. Environ., 31, 1361-1368 crossref(new window)

Sweetman, A. J. and K. C. Jones, 2000, Declining PCB concentrations in the UK at­mosphere: Evidence and possible cause, Envi­ron. Sci. Technol., 34, 863-869 crossref(new window)

US EPA, 1997, Deposition of toxic air pollu­tants to Great waters. Second report to con­gress, EPA-749/R-97/001B, US Environment Protection Agency, Rearch Triangle Park, NC

Jones, K. C., J. A. Stratford, K. S. Water­house and N. B. Vogt, 1989, Organic con­taminants in Welsh soils: Polynuclear ar­omatic hydrocarbons, Environ. Sci. Technol., 23, 540 - 550 crossref(new window)

Gevao, B., K. C. Jones and J. Hamilton-­Taylor, 1998, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) deposition to and processing in a small rural Lake, Cumbria, UK, Sci. Total Environ., 215, 231-242 crossref(new window)

Golomb, D., G. Barry, G. Fisher, P. Varanusu­pakul, M. Koleda and T. Rooney, 2001, Atmo­spheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hy­drocarbons near New England coastal waters, Atmos. Environ., 35, 6245 - 6258 crossref(new window)

Dickhut, R. M. and K. E. Gustafson, 1995, Atmospheric washout of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the southern Chesapeake Bay region, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29, 1518 - 1525 crossref(new window)

Koester, C. J. and R. A. Hites, 1992, Photo­degradation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans adsorbed to fly ash, Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 502-507 crossref(new window)

Choi, J. C., S. Kim, M. Y. Lee and S. K. Lee, 1995, A study on water-soluble components in the dustfall matter at Cheju and Ullung Island, J. Kor. Air Pollut. Res., 11, 331-337 (in Korean)

Bae, S. Y., S. M. Yi and Y. P. Kim, 2002, Temporal and spatial variations of the particle size distribution of PAHs and their dry depo­sition fluxes in Korea, Atmos. Environ., 36, 5491-5500 crossref(new window)

Moon, H. B., S. J. Lee and H. G. Choi, 2003, Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban and suburban areas of Korea, J. Environ. Anal., 6, 157-167

Lee, B. K. and C. B. Lee, 2004, Development of an improved dry and wet deposition collec­tor and the atmospheric deposition of PARs onto Ulsan Bay, Korea, Atmos. Environ., 38, 863-87l crossref(new window)

Halsall, C. J., P. J. Coleman and K. C. Jones, 1997, Atmospheric deposition of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PARs) in two UK cities, Chemosphere, 35, 1919-1931 crossref(new window)

Franz, T. P., S. J. Eisenreich and T. M. Holsen, 1998, Dry deposition of particulate polychlorinated biphenyls and polycyclic ar­omatic hydrocarbons to Lake Michigan, Envi­ron. Sci. Technol., 32, 3681-3688 crossref(new window)

Wallenhorst, Th., P. KrauB and H. Hagenma­ier, 1997, PCDD/F in ambient air and deposi­tion in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, Chemo­sphere, 34, 1369-1378 crossref(new window)

Ogura, I., S. Masunaga and J. Nakanishi, 2001, Atmospheric deposition of polychlo­rinated dibenzo- p-dioxins, polychlorinated di­benzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyles in the Kanto Region, Japan, Chemo­sphere, 44, 1473-1487 crossref(new window)

Bodnar, E. and J. Hlavay, 2005, Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the Lake Balaton, Hungary, J. Microchem., 79, 213-220 crossref(new window)

Rossini, P., S. Guerzoni, G. Matteucci, M. Gattolin, G. Ferrari and S. Raccanelli, 2005, Atmospheric fall-out of POPs (PCDD-Fs, PCBs, HCBs, PARs) around the industrial district of Porto Marghera, Italy, Sci. Total Environ., 340, 81-90 (in press) crossref(new window)

Ollivon, D., H. Blanchoud, A. Motelay-Massei and B. Garban, 2002, Atmospheric deposition of PARs to an urban site, Paris, France, Atmos. Environ., 36, 2891-2900 crossref(new window)

Wu, S. P., S. Tao, F. L. Xu, R Dawson, T. Lan, B. G. Li and J. Cao, 2004, Polycyclic ar­omatic hydrocarbons in dustfall in Tianjin, China, Sci. Total Environ., 345, 115-126

Vaeck, L. V. and K. V. Cauwenberghe, 1978, Cascade impactor measurements of the size distribution of major classes of organic pollu­tants in atmospheric particulate matter, Atmos. Environ., 12, 2229-2239 crossref(new window)

Baek, S. O., R. A. Field, M. E. Goldstone, P. W. Kirk, J. N. Lester and R. Perry, 1991, A review of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hy­drocarbons: source, fate and behavior, Water Air Soil Pollut., 60, 273-300

Kaupp, H. and M. S. McLachlan, 1999, Atmospheric particle size distributions of pol­ychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlori­nated dibenzofurans (PCDD/DFs) and poly­cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their implications for wet and dry deposition, Atmos. Environ., 33, 85-95 crossref(new window)

Kameda, Y., J. Shirai, T. Komai, J. Nakanishi and S. Masunaga, 2005, Atmospheric poly­cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: size dis­tribution, estimation of their risk and their depositions to the human respiratory tract, Sci. Total Environ., 340, 71-80 crossref(new window)

Schneider, A. R., H. M. Stapleton, J. Cornwell and J. E. Baker, 2001, Recent declines in PAH, PCB and Toxaphene levels in the Northern Great Lakes as determined from high resolution sediment cores, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 3809-3815 crossref(new window)

Gigliotti, C. L., P. A. Brunciak, J. Dachs, T. R. Glenn, L. A. Nelson, L. A. Totten and S. J. Eisenreich, 2002, Air-water exchange of poly­cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in New York-New Jersey, USA, Harbor Estuary, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 21, 235-244 crossref(new window)

Hautala, E. L., R. Rekila, J. Tarhanen and J. Ruuskanen, 1995, Deposition of motor vehicle emissions and winter maintenance along roadside assessed by snow analyses, Environ. Pollut., 87, 45-49 crossref(new window)

Harrison, R. M., D. T. J. Smith and L. Luhana, 1996, Source apportionment of atmos­pheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons col­lected from an urban location in Birmingham, U.K, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30, 825-832 crossref(new window)

Panther, B. C., M. A. Hooper and N. J. Tap­per, 1999, A comparison of air particulate matter and associated polycyclic aromatic hy­drocarbons in some tropical and temperate urban environments, Atmos. Environ., 33, 4087-­4099 crossref(new window)

Golomb, D. S., D. Ryan, J. Underhill, T. Wade and S. Zemba, 1997, Atmospheric deposition of toxics onto Massachusetts Bay- II. Poly­cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Atmos. En­viron., 31, 1361-1368 crossref(new window)

Lim, B., T. D. Jickells and T. D. Davies, 1991, Sequential sampling of particles, major ions and total trace metals in wet deposition, Atmos. Environ., 25A, 745-762