JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Acute Toxicity Test of Agricultural Chemicals to Water Fleas
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Acute Toxicity Test of Agricultural Chemicals to Water Fleas
Lee, Chan-Won; Ryu, Jae-Young; Lim, Kyeong-Won;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
There are concerns that chemical residues could harm the consumer on the environment, although 50 to 80% of the crops would be destroyed by pests and others without agrochemicals. Environmental fate and ecotoxicity studies are usually carried out to assess the impact on the human and the environment. A comparision of the Daphnia magnia and Simocephalus mixtus toxicity was performed to study the relative sensitivities and discrimination abilities to agriculture chemicals. The species of Simocephalus mixtus was more sensitive to agriculture chemicals than Daphnia magnia. Simocephalus mixtus was approved to be a water flea in determining insecticide and pesticide toxicity by heart-beat rate in a consistency and repeatability. The order of acute toxicity to water flea Daphnia magnia for ecotoxicity test was carbaryl>benomyl>amtirole with both Daphnia magnia and Simocephalus mixtus. The heartbeat pattern after the exposure to agrochemicals was different from that of exposure to heavy metals. Agrochemical leathal concentration test with heartbeat rate measurement was found to be more appropriate than inhibition concentration test with respect to toxicological endpoint.
 Keywords
Daphnia magnia;Simocephalus mixtus;Heartbeat rate;Acute toxicity;Agriculture chemicals;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
국내 생물종을 이용한 생태독성평가 기반연구 : (II) 물벼룩류,안윤주;남선화;이우미;

생태와환경, 2007. vol.40. 3, pp.357-369
2.
Insecticidal and Repellent Activities of Crude Saponin from the Starfish Asterias Amurensis,;;;;;;;;

Fisheries and aquatic sciences, 2009. vol.12. 1, pp.1-5 crossref(new window)
3.
해충저항성 Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) 벼의 환경위해성 평가: 해충저항성 Bt벼가 물벼룩(Daphnia magna)에 미치는 영향,오성덕;신혜철;손수인;이기종;김효진;류태훈;이장용;박범석;권순종;서석철;박종석;

Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry, 2011. vol.54. 4, pp.296-302 crossref(new window)
4.
비타민 A 강화벼 급이가 벼물바구미(Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus)의 살충제 감수성에 미치는 영향,오성덕;이기종;박수윤;류태훈;김재광;손수인;김진서;하선화;박종석;안병옥;조현석;서상재;

한국환경농학회지, 2012. vol.31. 3, pp.286-292 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
이찬원, 김인경, 전홍표, 2005, 물벼룩의 심장박동을 이용한 독성실험, 한국습지학회 2005년 정기학술발표대회 논문집, 220-228

2.
Weber, C. I., 1989, Short-term Metod for Estimating the Chronic Toxicity of Effluent and Receiving Water to Freshwater Organism, U.S.EPA/4-89-00l

3.
EPA, 1978, Crieria and rationale for dedision making in aquatic hazard evaluation, aquatic hazard of pesticides task group, American lnst. of Biological Science, Arlinton, Virginia, 46pp

4.
Anderson, B. G., 1994, The toxicity thresholds of various substance found on industrial wastes as determines by the use of Daphnia magna, sewage works Journal, 16(6), 1156-1165

5.
De Schamphelaere, K. A. C., 2005, Reverse osmosis sampling dose not affect the protective effect of dissolved organic matter on copper and zink toxicity to freshwater organisms, Elsevier, Chemosphere, 58(2005) 653-638 crossref(new window)

6.
Twagilimana, L., J. Bohatier, C. A. Groliere, F. Bonnemoy and D. Sargos, 1998, A new low-cost microbiotest with the protozoan Spirostomum thres : Culture conditions and assessment of sensitivity of the ciliate to 14 pure chemicals, Environmental Research, Section B, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 3(41), 231-244

7.
이상일, 1998, 공공기반기술 개발사업 계획서환경오염물질 독성평가의 신기술 개발, 13pp

8.
Bart T. and A. Muyssen, 2005, Inter-and intra- species variation in acute zinc tolerance of field-collected cladoceran populations, Elsevier, Chemosphere, 8(61), 1159-1167

9.
Bart T., A. Bossuyt and Colin R. Janssen., 2005, Copper toxicity to different field-collected cladoceran species: Inter-and intra-species sensitivity, Elsevier, Environmental Pollution, 1(136), 145-154

10.
Kikuchi, M., Y. Sasaki and M. Wakabayashi, 2000, Screening of Organophosphate insecticide pollution in water by using Daphnia magna, Environmental Research, Section B, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 3(47), 239-245

11.
임병진, 1995, 물벼룩을 이용한 조기경보체 연구, 국립환경연구원, Nier No, 95-19-463, 24

12.
조순자, 정재원, 손홍주, 이경민, 박근태, 오현영, 이상준, 2000, 물벼룩(Daphnia magna)를 이용한 살충제의 급성 및 만성독성 평가, 한국환경과학회 가을 학술발표지, 9(2), 197-198

13.
윤성명, 김원, 2000, 한국산 시모물벼룩속 종들의 분류학적 검토와 요소시모물벼룩속의 재기재, Korean J. Limonl, 33(2), 152-161

14.
이찬원, 권영택, 윤종섭, 문성원, 2002, 국내종물벼룩 Simocephalus mixtus에 의한 습지퇴적물 독성도 측정, 한국환경과학회지, 11(9), 851 -855

15.
Guilhermino, L., T. Diamantino, M. C. Silva and A. M. V. M. Soares, 2000, Acute toxicity test with Daphnia magna: An alternative to mammals in the prescreening of chemical toxicity? Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 3(46), 357-342

16.
OECD, 1989, Guidelines for testing of chemicals, No. 202, 261-276

17.
하헌중, 김성태, 최종욱, 민성홍, 장태연, 김건홍, 물벼룩과 형광성 박테리아를 이용한 중금속의 급성독성 평가, Korea Journal of Lemnology, 3(28), 369-376

18.
정재원, 차미선, 조순자, 이상준, 2001, 물벼룩(Daphnia magna)에 대한 중금속의 급성 및 만성 독성, 한국환경확학회지, 10(4), 293-298

19.
Ute M. and J. Selbe, 1998, Analysis of the ecetoc aquatic toxicity (EAT) database V - The relevance of Daphnia magna as a representative test species, Pergamon, 1(36), 155-166