JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Assessment of Environmental Contaminant Levels in Water, Sediments and Adjacent Soils and Spider from Several Stream Sites in Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Assessment of Environmental Contaminant Levels in Water, Sediments and Adjacent Soils and Spider from Several Stream Sites in Korea
Byun, Sang-Hyuk; Ryoo, Keon-Sang; Choi, Jong-Ha; Kim, Yong-Gyun; Lee, Hwa-Sung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
A comprehensive quality survey for heavy metals, organophosphorous and organochlorine residual pesticides, and coplanar PCBs in samples such as water, sediments and soils as well as spiders has been implemented. The samples were undertaken at nine stream sites and their vicinity in August 2006, representing different surrounding environments. The levels of PCBs were expressed as concentrations and WHO-TEFs. Among 12 coplanar PCBs as target compounds in this study, 2,3', 4,4', 5-PentaCB (IUPAC # 118) was the congener with the highest concentration. The total concentrations and TEF values of coplanar PCBs in Siheung stream sediment (heavy industrial complex site located in Ansan city) were 3915.50 pg/g and 0.8366 pg-TEQ/g on a dry weight basis, respectively. Such levels were around 40 times higher compared to sediment from Gapyung stream (green site located in the upper of Myunggi mountain). It is probably due to the direct input of PCBs trom PCBs treatment materials. Organophosphorous (EPN, dementon-s-methyl, diazinon, parathion, and phenthoate) and organochlorine (alpha-BHC, aldrin, 4,4'-DDT, 4,4'-DDE, endosulfan alpha and etc.) pesticides were not detected above 5 ppb of detection limits. The concentrations of Cu and Cd in water and sediment samples from Siheung stream were 44.11 and and and , respectively, which contained times higher concentrations than those from Gapyung stream. In addition to the water and sediment samples, the levels of heavy metals in spider from designated sampling sites were also determined. Heavy metals in spider collected near Siheung stream was appeared to be equivalent and/or a little higher levels with respect to other spiders. Furthermore, the ratio of relative heavy metals (Cu, Cd, and Pb) in spider from each stream site showed a correlation as similar as that of heavy metals in soil samples.
 Keywords
Heavy metals;Organophosporous and organochlorine pesticides;Coplanar PCBs;Spider;TEFs;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
산림 토착 미생물 군집에 미치는 유류 첨가제 노출 농도 및 시간의 영향,조원실;조경숙;

한국환경보건학회지, 2008. vol.34. 5, pp.387-394 crossref(new window)
2.
Treatability Evaluation of N-Hexadecane and 1-Methylnaphthalene during Fenton Reaction,;;;;;

Environmental Engineering Research, 2012. vol.17. 4, pp.217-225 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Ann Y. H., Kim I. S., Kim E. K., Kim M. H., 2003, Contamination and clean of soil environment. Goomibook. Seoul

2.
Kim S. J., Park M. T., Sin S .H., Ann J. S., Lee K. S., Lee E. K., Lee T. Y., Yim H. S., Jang I. S., 2004, Environmental Chemistry. Dong-Hwa Technology. Seoul

3.
Bowadt S., Johansson B., 1994, Analysis of PCBs in sulfur-containing sediments by off-line supercritical fluid extraction and HRGC-ECD. Anal. Chem., 66, 667-673 crossref(new window)

4.
David L. S., Andersand W. A., 1991, Aqueous-phase oxidation of polychlorinated biphenyls of hydroxyl radicals, Environ. Sci. Technol., 25, 1419-1427 crossref(new window)

5.
Safe S., 1990, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dibenzo- p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and related compounds: Environmental and mechanistic considerations which support the development of toxic equivalency factors (TEFs), Toxicology, 21, 51-87

6.
Van den Berg, 1998, Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs for humans and wildlife, Environ. Health Perspectives, 106, 775-792 crossref(new window)

7.
Frignani M., Bellucci L. G., Carraro C., Raccanelli S., 2001, Polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments of the Venice Lagoon, Chemosphere, 43, 567-575 crossref(new window)

8.
Jung Y., 1997, Environmental water quality standards: New environmental science. Jigu Publishing Co., 419-420pp

9.
동화기술 편집부, 2003, 수질오염․폐기물․토양 오염 공정시험방법, 동화기술, 14-691

10.
Keith L. H., 1996, Compilation of EPA's, U.S. EPA Method 8080, CRC Press, 97pp