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Isolation and Characteristics of Photosynthetic Bacterium, Erythrobacter longus SY-46 which Produces Bacterial Carotenoids
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Isolation and Characteristics of Photosynthetic Bacterium, Erythrobacter longus SY-46 which Produces Bacterial Carotenoids
Kim, Yun-Sook; Lee, Dae-Sung; Jeong, Seong-Yun; Lee, Won-Jae;
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The aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, which produces bacterial carotenoids was isolated and identified from coastal marine environments. This bacterium was identified by 16S rDNA sequencing and designated as Erythrobacter longus SY-46. E. longus SY-46 was Gram negative and rod shape, and the optimal culture conditions were , pH 7.0, and 3.0% NaCl concentration, respectively. The carbon and nitrogen sources required for the optimal growth were lactose and tryptone, respectively. Fatty acid compositions of E. longus SY-46 were (78.32%), v-linolenic acid(), margaric acid(: 3.38%), palmitic acid(: 3.07%), and docosahexaenoic acid(: 2.21%). In addition, E. longus SY-46 showed the characteristic absorption peaks of bacterial carotenoids(in the region of 450 to 480 nm) and bacteriochlorophyll(770 to 772 nm). Major carotenoids of E. longus SY-46 were polyhydroxylated xanthophylls such as fucoxanthin and zeaxanthin.
Aerobic photosynthetic bacterium;Bacterial carotenoids;Bacteriochlorophyll;Erythrobacet longus SY-46;
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