JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Salinity and Standard Toxic Metals (Cu, Cd) on Fertilization and Embryo Development Rates in the Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Salinity and Standard Toxic Metals (Cu, Cd) on Fertilization and Embryo Development Rates in the Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus)
Hwang, Un-Ki; Lee, Chung-Won; Lee, Seung-Min; An, Kyoung-Ho; Park, Seung-Youn;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Effects of salinity and standard toxic metals on fertilization and embryo development rates were investigated in the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus nudus. Spawning was induced by injecting 1ml of 0.5 M KCl into the coelomic cavity. The fertilization and embryo development rates were below 20% when salinity was 25 psu or lower, but were above 90% when salinity was between 30 and 35 psu. The fertilization and embryo development rates in the control condition (not including Cu and Cd) were greater than 90%, but decreased with a high negative correlation (r) of 0.89 and 0.91 with the increasing of Cu and Cd concentrations, respectively. These results suggest that salinity concentrations for successful fertilization and normal embryogenesis of S. nudus are between 30 and 35 psu, and the biological assays of fertilization and embryo development rates using S. nudus are useful methods for the ecological toxicity test of marine pollution elements.
 Keywords
Strongylocentrotus nudus;Fertilization rate;Embryogenesis;Salinity;Toxicity;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
염분과 표준 독성물질(Cu, Cd)이 말똥성게(Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus)의 수정 및 배 발생률에 미치는 영향,황운기;이충원;김광섭;안경호;박승윤;

Environmental health and toxicology, 2009. vol.24. 1, pp.9-16
2.
둥근성게(Strongylocentrotus nudus)의 수정 및 배 발생률을 이용한 해양배출 폐기물의 독성평가,황운기;이충원;김광섭;김형철;안경호;박승윤;

Environmental health and toxicology, 2009. vol.24. 1, pp.25-32
3.
말똥성게 (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus)의 수정 및 배 발생률을 이용한 해양배출 폐기물의 독성평가,황운기;류향미;김성길;박종수;안경호;

Environmental health and toxicology, 2010. vol.25. 1, pp.11-18
 References
1.
Carlsson L., Persson J., Håkanson L., 1999, A management model to predict seasonal variability in oxygen concentration and oxygen consumption in thermally stratified coastal waters, Ecol. Model., 119, 117-134 crossref(new window)

2.
Hata K., Nakata K., Suzuki T., 2004, The nitrogen cycle in tidal flats and eel grass beds of Ise Bay., J. Mar. Sys., 45, 237-253 crossref(new window)

3.
Asakawa M., Miyazawa K., Noguchi T., 1993, Studies on paralytic shellfish poison (PSP) toxification of bivalves, in association with appearance of Alexandrium tamarense, in Hiroshima Bay, J. Food. Hyg. Soc. Japan, 34, 50-54 crossref(new window)

4.
Asakawa M., Miyazawa K., Takayama H., Noguchi T., 1995, Dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense as the source of paralytic shellfish poison(PSP) contained in bivalves from Hiroshima Bay, Toxicon., 33, 691-697 crossref(new window)

5.
Pagano G., Esposito A., Bove P., Angelis M., Rota A., Gordano G. G., 1983, The effects of baxavalent and trivalent chromium on fertilization and development in sea urchins, Environ. Res., 30, 442-452 crossref(new window)

6.
Pagano G., Cipollaro M., Corsale G., Esposito A., Ragucci G., Trieff N. N., 1986, The sea urchin: Bioassay for the assessment of damage from environmental contaminants, In: Cairns J. Jr (ed), Community Toxicity Testing ASTM STP 920, Amer. Soc. for Testing and Materials Philadelphia, 67-92

7.
Dinnel P. A., 1989, Comparative sensitivity of sea urchin sperm bioassay to metals and pesticides, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 18, 748-755 crossref(new window)

8.
Kobayashi N., 1980, Comparative toxicity of various chemicals, oil extracts and oil dispersant to Canadian and japanese sea urchin eggs, Publs Setomar. biol., 27, 76-84

9.
Greenwood P. J., 1983, The influence of an oil dispersant chemserve OSE-DH on the viability of sea urchin gametes. Combined effects of temperature, concentration and exposure time on fertilization, Aqua. Toxicol., 4, 15-29 crossref(new window)

10.
Oshida P. S., Goochey T. K., 1980, A new test for measuring seawater toxicity, In: Southern California Coastal Wat. Res. Proj., Biennial Report 1979-1980, Long beach, CA, 149-159

11.
Dinnel P. A., Stober Q. J., 1987, Application of the sea urchin sperm bioassay to sewage treatment efficency and toxicity in marine waters, Mar. Environ. Res., 21, 121-133 crossref(new window)

12.
Lee C. H., Choi J. W., 2003, Toxicity evaluation of surface waters from artificial lakes (Shihwa, Asan, Busa) and Mankyung river using sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) sperm and embryo, J. Environ. Toxicol., 18(4), 277-285

13.
Yu C. M., 1998, A study on the effect of heavy metals on embryos formation of sea urchins, Kor. J. Env. Hlth. Soc., 24(3), 6-10

14.
Wui I. S., Lee J. B., Yoo S. H., 1992, Bioassay on marine sediment pollution by using sea urchin embryo culture in the southwest inland sea of Korean, J. Environ. Biol., 10(2), 92-99

15.
Yu C. M., 2004, The effects of pH on early embryo development of sea urchins, Kor. J. Env. Hlth. Soc., 30(2), 104-107

16.
Hall L. W., Ziegenfuss M. C., Anderson R. D., Lewis B. L., 1995, The effect of salinity on the acute toxicity of total and free cadmium to a Chesapeake Bay copepod and fish, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 30, 376-384 crossref(new window)

17.
Pagono G., Cipollaro M., Corsale G., Esposito A., Ragucciand E., Giordano G. G., 1985a, pH-induced changes in mitotic and developmental patterns in sea urchin embryogenesis, I. Exposure of embryos, Teratogenesis Carcinog Mutagen 5, 101-112 crossref(new window)

18.
Pagono G., Cipollaro M., Corsale G., Esposito A., Ragucciand E., Giordano G. G., 1985b, pH-induced changes in mitotic and developmental patterns in sea urchin embryogenesis, II. Exposure of sperm, Teratogenesis Carcinog Mutagen 5, 113-121 crossref(new window)

19.
Pagano G., Cipollaro G. A., Corsale A., Esposito E., Mineoeo G. G., Ragucci G., Glordano G., Kobayashi N., Trieff N. M., 1988, Effects of sodium azide on sea urchin embryos and gametes, Teratogenesis Carcinogenesis Mutagenesis 8, 363-376 crossref(new window)

20.
Kobayashi N., 1995, Bioassay data for marine pollution using echinoderms, Ency. Environ. Con. Tech., 9, 539-609