Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Heavy Metal Accumulation in Halophyte Salicornia europaea and Salt Marsh in West-coast of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Heavy Metal Accumulation in Halophyte Salicornia europaea and Salt Marsh in West-coast of Korea
Song, Uh-Ram; Hong, Jun-Euy; An, Ji-Hyun; Chung, Ji-Sue; Moon, Jeong-Won; Lim, Jeong-Hyun; Lee, Eun-Ju;
  PDF(new window)
Harvesting of marshfire glasswort (Salicornia europaea) by local people has been increased recently since this plant was known for a well-being food. Even though some harvesting sites are facing high risk of environmental pollution, Salicornia europaea is still harvested on a large scale. Therefore, to investigate safety of Salicornia europaea as a food resource, salt marsh environment, potential harvestable biomass, element and heavy metal accumulations in Salicornia europaea has been studied in three salt marshes, west-coast of Korea. Salicornia europaea showed 150 - 230 harvestable biomass. Biomass and nitrogen contents of Salicornia europaea were closely related to soil nitrogen and carbon concentrations. Average Na, Zn, Fe, Cr accumulations in Salicornia europaea were 41479, 18, 297, 1.5 (mg/kg), indicating valuable trace element contents. However, average heavy metal accumulations such as As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Hg accumulations were 1.5, 7.1, 4.2, 1.5, 0.1 (mg/kg), which were even or higher than national standards (0.5, 0.5, 2, 2, 0.1) of salts. These results imply that harvesting and eating of Salicornia europaea in west-coast research sites would be harmful because the contents would be much higher if it is calculated as only considering salts and minerals. Therefore, harvesting of Salicornia europaea from some salt marsh in west-coast of Korea should be done cautiously.
Salicornia europaea;Food safety;Salt marsh;Heavy metal;West-coast;
 Cited by
Comparison of Trace Element, Metal, and Metalloid Contents in North and South Korean Plants,Park, Jeong-Soo;Chung, Ha-Sook;Lee, Eun-Ju;

Journal of Environmental Science International, 2014. vol.23. 6, pp.995-1001 crossref(new window)
Breckle, S. W., 1990, Salinity tolerance of different halophyte types, Genetic aspects of plant mineral nutrition, Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, 167-175.

Chang, M., Kim, I. C., Chang, H. C., 2010, Effect of solar salt on the quality characteristics of Doenjang, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 39, 116-124. crossref(new window)

CODEX Alimentarius, 1997, CODEX standards for food grade salt, Available at: http://www.ceecis. org/iodine/07_legislation/07_00.html(Accessed October 1, 2010).

Dae Shin Marshfire Glasswort, 2010, Internet based shopping mall, Available at: (Accessed November 2, 2010).

Gu, J. H., 2008, 'Phytoco' has patent for phyto-salt, Article of journal 'Shin dong a'. Available at : (Accessed November 13, 2010).

Han, K. S., 1985, Accidentally induced mercury poisoning by charlatan, J. Korean Academy of Oral Medicine, 9, 29-34.

Han, N. I., Choi, S. D., Chung, K. W., Nam, S. W., Han, J. Y., Choi, S. W., Lee, Y. S, Sun, H. S., 2003, Sequential morphological changes of copper overloaded-rat liver: Ultrastructural study, J. Korean Soc. Gastroenterology, 41(5), 374-381.

Hong, H. G., Park, J. M., Kim, D. H., Lim, H. B., 2005, Determination of heavy metals in surface sediments of lake Shihwa, J. Korea Soc. Environ. Anal., 1,1-6.

Kim, J. M., 2007, Healthy doughnut with marshfire glasswort, Article of internet journal 'Newsis'. Available at: November 2, 2010).

Kim, G. H., 2010, Dynamics and restoration of Salicornia europaea, Master Dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Kim, G. T., Kim E. S., Cho, S. R., Jung, G. H., Park, J. G., 2005, Distribution and pollution of heavy metals in the environmental samples of the lake Shihwa, J. Korean Soc. Marine Environ. Eng., 8, 148-157.

Korean Food and Drug Administration, 2007, Standards of heavy metal contents of food, Available at: October 1, 2010).

Korea Meteorological Administration, 2010, Monthly reports of the weather, Available at: (Accessed November 19, 2010).

Lee, C. B., 1980, Illustrated flora of Korea, HangMun publications, Seoul, Korea.

Lee, E. J., Lee, S. M., Woo, S. Y., 2005, Monitoring Sudokwon landfill vegetation, SLMC publications, Incheon, Korea, 132-133.

Lee, E. Y., Shin, H. S., Jung, Y. S., Chun, B. W., Rim, H., 2010, Case reports : Nephrology; A case of rapidly progressive renal failure induced by cadmium intoxication, Korean J. Medicine, 78(6), 761-765.

Lee, K. D., Park, J. W., Choi, C. R., Song, H. W., Yun, S. K., Yang, H. C., Ham, K. S., 2007, Salinity and heavy metal contents of solar salts produced in Jeollanamdo province of Korea, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 36(6), 753-758. crossref(new window)

Mok, J. S., Park, H. Y., Kim, J. H., 2005, Trace metal contents and safety evaluation of major edible seaweeds from Korean coast. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 34(9), 1464-1470. crossref(new window)

Open very, 2010, Internet based shopping mall, Available at: November 2, 2010).

Palbo enzyme, 2010, Internet based shopping mall, Available at: November 2, 2010).

Park, J. S., 2007, Jeonnam works for industrialization of marshfire glasswort, Article of internet journal 'Money today'. Available at: November 18, 2010).

Song, U., 2010, Ecological monitoring and management of plant, soil and leachate channel in the Sudokwon landfill, Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, 191-192.

You gi shop, 2010, Internet based shopping mall, Available at: November 2, 2010).