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Analysis of Correlation between the Cause of Urbanization and Urbanization Effect of Busan by Using Daily Minimum Temperatures
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 Title & Authors
Analysis of Correlation between the Cause of Urbanization and Urbanization Effect of Busan by Using Daily Minimum Temperatures
Park, Myung-Hee; Lee, Joon-Soo; Ahn, Ji-Suk; Suh, Young-Sang; Han, In-Seong; Kim, Hae-Dong;
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 Abstract
This study examined urbanization effects and the causes of urbanization, urban population growth, increase of the city scale, land cover change, and human cultures and economic activities, using the daily minimum temperatures of the past 50 years (1961-2010) with the subject of Busan and analyzed correlations between urbanization effects and the causes of urbanization. Thereby, this paper drew a conclusion as below: 1) Due to the urbanization effects, the average annual daily minimum temperature increased as about ; however, except for the factor of urbanization, the increase was shown as about . The occupancy of urbanization effects in the total temperature increase was quite high as about 83%. 2) Just like other cities experiencing urbanization, Busan, too, sees population growth and the expansion of city area as well as increased urbanization effects. First of all, correlation between population growth and urbanization effect was high as 0.96 before 1985 while it was lowered as 0.19 after 1985. Also, correlation between the increase of city area and urbanization effect was high as 0.64 and 0.79 before and after 1985. 3) Regarding the correlation between long-term land use change and urbanization effect, urbanization effect was affected greatly by the increase of city area (0.97) and reduction of green area (0.92). 4) Concerning human activities possible to affect the climatic factors of a city, this paper found the following factors: road length, car increase, power use, and the consumer price index, etc. And regarding the correlation between the three factors and urbanization effect, the correlation was higher in the consumer price index (0.97), the number of registered cars (0.89), power use (0.75), and road length (0.58) in order.
 Keywords
Urbanization effect;Daily minimum temperature;Land use;Human activity;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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