Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Manure Additives on pH and Pathogen Populations in Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) Manure
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Manure Additives on pH and Pathogen Populations in Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) Manure
Kim, Sam-Churl; Amanullah, S.M.; Kim, Dong-Hyeon; Lee, Hyuk-Jun; Choi, Jung-Hoon; Lee, Gee-Dong; Choi, In-Hag;
  PDF(new window)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of applying alum (aluminum sulfate) and aluminum chloride on pH and pathogen populations of Hanwoo manure. A total of 36 steers (8 months old and averaging 300 kg in weight) were used in this trial and allotted to 9 pens (3 replication pens per group with 4 steers per experimental unit, m). Chemical additives were applied as a top dressing with garden rake to a depth of 1 cm of manure with wood shavings in each treatment. The chemical amendments were control (without chemical amendments), 50 g of alum and 50 g of aluminum chloride/kg of Hanwoo manure. The experiment was carried out for 4 weeks. Adding alum and aluminum chloride to Hanwoo manure reduced (P < 0.05) pH compared to untreated controls during the 4-wk period. Both levels of the alum and aluminum chloride treatments tested decreased (P < 0.05) Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica populations in Hanwoo manure at 2 and 4 weeks. It appears that the reduction in pathogen populations was primarily associated with the lower manure pH. If more strict environmental regulations are put into effect regarding pathogen populations from Hanwoo facilities, treating Hanwoo manure with alum and aluminum chloride may be a good management practice.
Aluminum sulfate;Aluminum chloride;Hanwoo manure;pH;Escherichia coli;Salmonella enterica;
 Cited by
사료와 축분에 생균제 첨가 시 한우분 내 질소와 수용성인의 함량 변화: 현장연구 중심으로,최인학;

Journal of Environmental Science International, 2013. vol.22. 3, pp.379-383 crossref(new window)
Choi, I. H., Kim, J. N., Kwon, Y. M., 2008, Effects of chemical treatments on pH and bacterial population in poultry litter: a laboratory experiment, Brit. Poult. Sci., 49, 497-501. crossref(new window)

Duncan, D. B., 1955, Multiple range and multiple F-test, Biometrics., 11, 1-42. crossref(new window)

Kim, C. M., Choi, J. H., Choi, I. H., 2012, Using liquid aluminum chloride to reduce heavy metals from animal wastes, Korean. J. Environ. Sci., 21, 377-382. crossref(new window)

Line, J. E., 2002, Campylobacter and Salmonella populations associated with chickens raised on acidified litter, Poult. Sci., 81, 1473-1477. crossref(new window)

Livestock yearbook (The Agriculture, Fisheries, Livestock News), 2012, Livestock excretions.

Moore, P. A. Jr, Daniel, T. C., Edwards, D. R., 1999, Reducing phosphorus runoff and improving poultry production with alum, Poult. Sci., 78, 692-698. crossref(new window)

Moore, P. A. Jr., Daniel, T. C., Edwards, D. R., Miller, D. M., 1995, Effect of chemical amendments on ammonia volatilization from poultry litter, J. Environ. Qual., 24, 294-300.

Natioanl Academy of Agricultural Science and Kolon Construction Ltd, 2001, Livestock excretion treatments and Biogas technology.

Pope, M. J., Cherry, T. E., 2000, An evaluation of the presence of pathogens on broilers raised on Poultry litter treatment-treated litter, Poult. Sci., 79, 1351- 1355. crossref(new window)

SAS Institute, 1990, SAS/STAT user's guide, Version 6. 4th ed., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

Smith, D. R., Moore P. A. Jr., Haggard, B. E., Maxwell, C. V., Daniel, T. C., VanDevander, K., Davis, M. E., 2004, Effect of aluminum chloride and dietary phytase on relative ammonia losses from swine manure. J. Anim. Sci., 82, 605-611.

Statistics Korea, 2012, The size of housing and a head by livestock and provinces.