Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Improvement of Membrane Separation and Optimal Coagulation by Using Effluent of Sewage Treatment Plant in Busan
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Improvement of Membrane Separation and Optimal Coagulation by Using Effluent of Sewage Treatment Plant in Busan
Jung, Jin-Hee; Choi, Young-Ik; Han, Young-Rip;
  PDF(new window)
The objectives of this paper are the characterization of the pretreatment of wastewater by microfiltration (MF) membranes for river maintenance and water recycling. This is done by investigation of the proper coagulation conditions, such as the types and doses of coagulants, mixing conditions (velocity gradients and mixing periods), pH, etc., using jar tests. The effluent water from a pore control fiber (PCF) filter located after the secondary clarifier at Kang-byeon Sewage Treatment Plant (K-STP) was used in these experiments. Two established coagulants, aluminum sulfate (Alum) and poly aluminum chloride (PAC), which are commonly used in sewage treatment plants to treat drinking water, were used in this research. The results indicate that the optimal coagulation velocity gradients (G) and agitation period (T) for both Alum and PAC were 200-250 and 5 min respectively, but the coagulation efficiencies for both Alum and PAC were lower at low values of G and T. For a 60 min filtration period on the MF, the flux efficiencies ( (%)) at the K-STP effluent that were coagulated by PAC and Alum were 92.9 % and 79.9 %, respectively, under the same coagulation conditions. It is concluded that an enhanced membrane process is possible by effective filtration of effluent at the K-STP using the coagulation-membrane separation process.
Modified starch;Polyethylene;Compatibilizer;Compatibility;Scanning electron microscopy;
 Cited by
Ahmad, A. L., Ismail S., Bhatia S., 2005, Optimization of Coagulation-locculation Process for Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Response Surface Methodology, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39(8), 2828-2834. crossref(new window)

Amuda, O. S., Alade A., 2006, Coagulation/flocculation process in the treatment of abattoir wastewater, 196(1-3), 22-31. crossref(new window)

Chon, K. M., Sarp, S., Lee, S. G., Lee, J. H., Lopez- Ramirez, J. A., Cho, J. W., 2011, luation of a membrane bioreactor and nanofiltration for municipal wastewater eclamation: Trace contaminant control and fouling mitigation, Desalination, 272, 128-134. crossref(new window)

Drewes, J. E., Bellona, C., Oedekoven, M., Xu, P., Kim, T. U., Amy, G., 2005, Rejection of wastewater-derived micropollutants in high-pressure membrane applications leading to indirect potable reuse Article first published online.

Edzwald, J. K., 1993, Coagulation in drinking water treatment: Particles, organics and coagulants, Water Science and Technology. 27(11), 21-35.

EPA, 1992, Manual-guideline for water reuse, U.S. environmental protection agency and U.S. agency for international development, washington, D.C., EPA 625, R92-004.

Fiksdal, L., Leiknes, T., 2006, The effect of coagulation with MF/UF membrane filtration for the removal of virus in drinking water Journal of Membrane Science, 279(1-2), 364-371. crossref(new window)

Gibbs, R. J., 1983, Effect of natural organic coatings on the coagulation of particles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 17(4), 237-240. crossref(new window)

Her, N., Amy, G., Anne, P. P., Yoon, Y., 2007, Identification of nanofiltration membrane foulants, Water Research, 41(17), 3936-3947. crossref(new window)

Hongtao, Z., Xianghua, W., Xia, H., Motoharu, N., Yiping, G., 2009, Membrane Fouling in the Reclamation of Secondary Effluent with an Ozone-Membrane Hybrid System, Separation Science and Technology, 44(1), 121-130. crossref(new window)

Kim, S. H., Moon, S. Y., Yoon, C. H., Yim, S. K., Cho, J. W., 2005, Role of coagulation in membrane filtration of wastewater for reuse, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 44(2), 185-196. crossref(new window)

Kim, K. Y., Kim, H. S., Kim, J., Nam, J. W., Kim, J. M., Son, S., 2009, A hybrid microfiltration-granular activated carbon system for water purification and wastewater reclamation/reuse Desalination, 243(1-3), 132-144. crossref(new window)

Lee, J. D., Lee, S. H., Jo, M. H., Park, P. K., Lee, C. H., Kwak, J. W., 2000, Effect of Coagulation Conditions on Membrane Filtration Characteristics in Coagulationicrofiltration Process for Water Treatment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34(17), 3780-3788. crossref(new window)

Lee, J. H., Hamma, S. Y., Cheong, J. Y., Kim, H. S., Ko, E. J., Lee, W. S., Lee, S. I., 2009, Characterizing riverbank-filtered water and river water qualities at a site in the lower Nakdong River basin, Republic of Korea Journal of Hydrology, 376, 209-220.

Leiknes, T., Odegaard, H., Myklebust, H., 2004, Removal of natural organic matter (NOM) in drinking water treatment by coagulation-microfiltration using metal membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, 242(1-2), 47-55. crossref(new window)

Li, C. W., Chen, Y. S., 2004, Fouling of UF membrane by humic substance: Effects of molecular weight and powder-activated carbon (PAC) pre-treatment Desalination, 170(1), 59-67. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Environment in korea, 2010, White paper of environment, 378-381.

Mo, J. H., Lee, Y. H., Kim, J., Jeong, J. Y., Jegal, J., 2008, Treatment of dye aqueous solutions using nanofiltration polyamide composite membranes for the dye wastewater reuse Dyes and Pigments. 76(2), 429-434. crossref(new window)

Mujeriego, R., Asano, T., 1999, The role of advanced treatment in wastewater reclamation and reuse Water Science and Technology, 40(4-5), 1-9.

Musikavong, C., Wattanachira, S., Marhaba, T. F., Pavasant, P., 2005, Reduction of organic matter and trihalomethane formation potential in reclaimed water from treated industrial estate wastewater by coagulation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 127(1-3), 58-67. crossref(new window)

Manttari, M., Kuosa, M., Kallas, J., Nystrom, M., 2008, Membrane filtration and ozone treatment of biologically treated effluents from the pulp and paper industry Journal of Membrane Science, 309(1-2), 112-119. crossref(new window)

Park, C., Hong, S. W., Chung, T. H., Choi, Y. S., 2010, Performance evaluation of pretreatment processes in integrated membrane system for wastewater Desalination, 50(2), 673-676.

Rosenberger, S., Laabs, C., Lesjean, B., Gnirss, R., Amy, G., Jekel, M., Schrotter, J. C., Impact of colloidal and soluble organic material on membrane performance in membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment Water Research, 40(4), 710-720.

Shaalan, H. F., 2002, Development of fouling control strategies pertinent to nanofiltration membranes, 153, 125-131.

Wintgens, T., Melin, T., Schiller, A., Khan, S., Muston, M., Bixio, D., Thoeye, C., 2005, The role of membrane processes in municipal wastewater reclamation and reuse, Desalination, 8, 1-11.